HAIL(1) Ganeti | Version 2.5.2


hail - Ganeti IAllocator plugin


hail [ -t file | --simulate spec ] [options...] input-file

hail --version


hail is a Ganeti IAllocator plugin that implements the instance placement and movement using the same algorithm as hbal(1).

The program takes input via a JSON-file containing current cluster state and the request details, and output (on stdout) a JSON-formatted response. In case of critical failures, the error message is printed on stderr and the exit code is changed to show failure.


The program uses a simplified version of the hbal algorithm.

For single-node allocations (non-mirrored instances), again we select the node which, when chosen as the primary node, gives the best score.

For dual-node allocations (mirrored instances), we chose the best pair; this is the only choice where the algorithm is non-trivial with regard to cluster size.

For relocations, we try to change the secondary node of the instance to all the valid other nodes; the node which results in the best cluster score is chosen.

For node changes (change-node mode), we currently support DRBD instances only, and all three modes (primary changes, secondary changes and all node changes).

For group moves (change-group mode), again only DRBD is supported, and we compute the correct sequence that will result in a group change; job failure mid-way will result in a split instance. The choice of node(s) on the target group is based on the group score, and the choice of group is based on the same algorithm as allocations (group with lowest score after placement).

The deprecated multi-evacuate modes is no longer supported.

In all cases, the cluster (or group) scoring is identical to the hbal algorithm.


The options that can be passed to the program are as follows:

-p, --print-nodes

Prints the before and after node status, in a format designed to allow the user to understand the node's most important parameters. See the man page htools(1) for more details about this option.

-t datafile, --text-data=datafile

The name of the file holding cluster information, to override the data in the JSON request itself. This is mostly used for debugging.

--simulate description

Similar to the -t option, this allows overriding the cluster data with a simulated cluster. For details about the description, see the man page hspace(1).

-S filename, --save-cluster=filename

If given, the state of the cluster before and the iallocator run is saved to a file named filename.pre-ialloc, respectively filename.post-ialloc. This allows re-feeding the cluster state to any of the htools utilities.


This option increases verbosity and can be used for debugging in order to understand how the IAllocator request is parsed; it can be passed multiple times for successively more information.


For the tag-exclusion configuration (see the manpage of hbal for more details), the list of which instance tags to consider as exclusion tags will be read from the cluster tags, configured as follows:

For example, given a cluster tag like htools:iextags:service, all instance tags of the form service:X will be considered as exclusion tags, meaning that (e.g.) two instances which both have a tag service:foo will not be placed on the same primary node.


The options that can be passed to the program are as follows:


The exist status of the command will be zero, unless for some reason the algorithm fatally failed (e.g. wrong node or instance data).


Report bugs to project website or contact the developers using the Ganeti mailing list.


Ganeti overview and specifications: ganeti(7) (general overview), ganeti-os-interface(7) (guest OS definitions).

Ganeti commands: gnt-cluster(8) (cluster-wide commands), gnt-job(8) (job-related commands), gnt-node(8) (node-related commands), gnt-instance(8) (instance commands), gnt-os(8) (guest OS commands), gnt-group(8) (node group commands), gnt-backup(8) (instance import/export commands), gnt-debug(8) (debug commands).

Ganeti daemons: ganeti-watcher(8) (automatic instance restarter), ganeti-cleaner(8) (job queue cleaner), ganeti-noded(8) (node daemon), ganeti-masterd(8) (master daemon), ganeti-rapi(8) (remote API daemon).

Ganeti htools: htools(1) (generic binary), hbal(1) (cluster balancer), hspace(1) (capacity calculation), hail(1) (IAllocator plugin), hscan(1) (data gatherer from remote clusters).