Developer notes

Build dependencies

Most dependencies from Ganeti quick installation guide, plus (for Python):

Note that for pylint, at the current moment the following versions must be used:

$ pylint --version
pylint 0.21.1,
astng 0.20.1, common 0.50.3

To generate unittest coverage reports (make coverage), coverage needs to be installed.

For Haskell development, again all things from the quick install document, plus:

  • haddock, documentation generator (equivalent to epydoc for Python)
  • HsColour, again used for documentation (it’s source-code pretty-printing)
  • hlint, a source code linter (equivalent to pylint for Python), recommended version 1.8 or above (tested with 1.8.15)
  • the QuickCheck library, version 2.x
  • hpc, which comes with the compiler, so you should already have it
  • shelltestrunner, used for running unit-tests

Under Debian Wheezy or later, these can be installed (on top of the required ones from the quick install document) via:

$ apt-get install libghc-quickcheck2-dev hscolour hlint

Or alternatively via cabal:

$ cabal install quickcheck hscolour hlint shelltestrunner

Configuring for development

Run the following command (only use PYTHON=... if you need to use a different python version):

$ ./ && \
  ./configure --prefix=/usr/local --sysconfdir=/etc --localstatedir=/var

Note that doing development on a machine which already has Ganeti installed is problematic, as PYTHONPATH behaviour can be confusing (see Issue 170 for a bit of history/details; in general it works if the installed and developed versions are very similar, and/or if PYTHONPATH is customised correctly). As such, in general it’s recommended to use a “clean” machine for ganeti development.

Haskell development notes

There are a few things which can help writing or debugging the Haskell code.

You can run the Haskell linter hlint via:

$ make hlint

This is not enabled by default (as the htools component is optional). The above command will generate both output on the terminal and, if any warnings are found, also an HTML report at doc/hs-lint.html.

When writing or debugging TemplateHaskell code, it’s useful to see what the splices are converted to. This can be done via:

$ make HEXTRA="-ddump-splices"

Due to the way TemplateHaskell works, it’s not straightforward to build profiling code. The recommended way is to run make hs-prof, or alternatively the manual sequence is:

$ make clean
$ make htools/htools HEXTRA="-osuf .o"
$ rm htools/htools
$ make htools/htools HEXTRA="-osuf .prof_o -prof -auto-all"

This will build the binary twice, per the TemplateHaskell documentation, the second one with profiling enabled.

Packaging notes

Ganeti is mostly developed and tested on Debian-based distributions, while still keeping adaptability to other Linux distributions in mind.

The doc/examples/ directory contains a number of potentially useful scripts and configuration files. Some of them might need adjustment before use.


This script, in the source code as daemons/, is used to start/stop Ganeti and do a few other things related to system daemons. It is recommended to use daemon-util also from the system’s init scripts. That way the code starting and stopping daemons is shared and future changes have to be made in only one place.

daemon-util reads extra arguments from variables (*_ARGS) in /etc/default/ganeti. When modifying daemon-util, keep in mind to not remove support for the EXTRA_*_ARGS variables for starting daemons. Some parts of Ganeti use them to pass additional arguments when starting a daemon.

The reload_ssh_keys function can be adjusted to use another command for reloading the OpenSSH daemon’s host keys.

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