Version 2.9.7

(Released Fri, 11 Dec 2015)

Important changes and security notes

Security release.


Ganeti provides a RESTful control interface called the RAPI. Its HTTPS implementation is vulnerable to DoS attacks via client-initiated SSL parameter renegotiation. While the interface is not meant to be exposed publicly, due to the fact that it binds to all interfaces, we believe some users might be exposing it unintentionally and are vulnerable. A DoS attack can consume resources meant for Ganeti daemons and instances running on the master node, making both perform badly.

Fixes are not feasible due to the OpenSSL Python library not exposing functionality needed to disable client-side renegotiation. Instead, we offer instructions on how to control RAPI’s exposure, along with info on how RAPI can be setup alongside an HTTPS proxy in case users still want or need to expose the RAPI interface. The instructions are outlined in Ganeti’s security document: doc/html/security.html


Ganeti leaks the DRBD secret through the RAPI interface. Examining job results after an instance information job reveals the secret. With the DRBD secret, access to the local cluster network, and ARP poisoning, an attacker can impersonate a Ganeti node and clone the disks of a DRBD-based instance. While an attacker with access to the cluster network is already capable of accessing any data written as DRBD traffic is unencrypted, having the secret expedites the process and allows access to the entire disk.

Fixes contained in this release prevent the secret from being exposed via the RAPI. The DRBD secret can be changed by converting an instance to plain and back to DRBD, generating a new secret, but redundancy will be lost until the process completes. Since attackers with node access are capable of accessing some and potentially all data even without the secret, we do not recommend that the secret be changed for existing instances.

Minor changes

  • gnt-instance replace-disks no longer crashes when –ignore-policy is passed to it
  • Stop MonD when removing a node from a cluster
  • Fix file descriptor leak in Confd client
  • Always install SIGHUP handler for Haskell daemons (Issue 755)
  • Make ganeti-cleaner switch to a safe working directory (Issue 880)
  • Make htools tolerate missing “spfree” on Luxi
  • DRBD parser: consume initial empty resource lines (Issue 869)
  • KVM: set IFF_ONE_QUEUE on created tap interfaces
  • Set exclusion tags correctly in requested instance

Version 2.9.6

(Released Mon, 7 Apr 2014)

  • Improve RAPI detection of the watcher (Issue 752)
  • gnt-cluster copyfile: accept relative paths (Issue 754)
  • Make watcher submit queries low priority (Issue 772)
  • Add reason parameter to RAPI client functions (Issue 776)
  • Fix failing gnt-node list-drbd command (Issue 777)
  • Properly display fake job locks in gnt-debug.
  • Enable timeout for instance shutdown
  • small fixes in documentation

Version 2.9.5

(Released Tue, 25 Feb 2014)

  • Fix overflow problem in hbal that caused it to break when waiting for jobs for more than 10 minutes (issue 717)
  • Make hbal properly handle non-LVM storage
  • Properly export and import NIC parameters, and do so in a backwards compatible way (issue 716)
  • Fix net-common script in case of routed mode (issue 728)
  • Improve documentation (issues 724, 730)

Version 2.9.4

(Released Mon, 10 Feb 2014)

  • Fix the RAPI instances-multi-alloc call
  • assign unique filenames to file-based disks
  • gracefully handle degraded non-diskless instances with 0 disks (issue 697)
  • noded now runs with its specified group, which is the default group, defaulting to root (issue 707)
  • make using UUIDs to identify nodes in gnt-node consistently possible (issue 703)

Version 2.9.3

(Released Mon, 27 Jan 2014)

  • Ensure that all the hypervisors exist in the config file (Issue 640)
  • Correctly recognise the role as master node (Issue 687)
  • configure: allow detection of Sphinx 1.2+ (Issue 502)
  • gnt-instance now honors the KVM path correctly (Issue 691)

Inherited from the 2.8 branch:

  • Change the list separator for the usb_devices parameter from comma to space. Commas could not work because they are already the hypervisor option separator (Issue 649)
  • Add support for blktap2 file-driver (Issue 638)
  • Add network tag definitions to the haskell codebase (Issue 641)
  • Fix RAPI network tag handling
  • Add the network tags to the tags searched by gnt-cluster search-tags
  • Fix caching bug preventing jobs from being cancelled
  • Start-master/stop-master was always failing if ConfD was disabled. (Issue 685)

Version 2.9.2

(Released Fri, 13 Dec 2013)

  • use custom KVM path if set for version checking
  • SingleNotifyPipeCondition: don’t share pollers

Inherited from the 2.8 branch:

  • Fixed Luxi daemon socket permissions after master-failover
  • Improve IP version detection code directly checking for colons rather than passing the family from the cluster object
  • Fix NODE/NODE_RES locking in LUInstanceCreate by not acquiring NODE_RES locks opportunistically anymore (Issue 622)
  • Allow link local IPv6 gateways (Issue 624)
  • Fix error printing (Issue 616)
  • Fix a bug in InstanceSetParams concerning names: in case no name is passed in disk modifications, keep the old one. If name=none then set disk name to None.
  • Update build_chroot script to work with the latest hackage packages
  • Add a packet number limit to “fping” in master-ip-setup (Issue 630)
  • Fix evacuation out of drained node (Issue 615)
  • Add default file_driver if missing (Issue 571)
  • Fix job error message after unclean master shutdown (Issue 618)
  • Lock group(s) when creating instances (Issue 621)
  • SetDiskID() before accepting an instance (Issue 633)
  • Allow the ext template disks to receive arbitrary parameters, both at creation time and while being modified
  • Xen handle domain shutdown (future proofing cherry-pick)
  • Refactor reading live data in htools (future proofing cherry-pick)

Version 2.9.1

(Released Wed, 13 Nov 2013)

  • fix bug, that kept nodes offline when readding
  • when verifying DRBD versions, ignore unavailable nodes
  • fix bug that made the console unavailable on kvm in split-user setup (issue 608)
  • DRBD: ensure peers are UpToDate for dual-primary (inherited 2.8.2)

Version 2.9.0

(Released Tue, 5 Nov 2013)

Incompatible/important changes

  • hroller now also plans for capacity to move non-redundant instances off any node to be rebooted; the old behavior of completely ignoring any non-redundant instances can be restored by adding the –ignore-non-redundant option.
  • The cluster option ‘–no-lvm-storage’ was removed in favor of the new option ‘–enabled-disk-templates’.
  • On instance creation, disk templates no longer need to be specified with ‘-t’. The default disk template will be taken from the list of enabled disk templates.
  • The monitoring daemon is now running as root, in order to be able to collect information only available to root (such as the state of Xen instances).
  • The ConfD client is now IPv6 compatible.
  • File and shared file storage is no longer dis/enabled at configure time, but using the option ‘–enabled-disk-templates’ at cluster initialization and modification.
  • The default directories for file and shared file storage are not anymore specified at configure time, but taken from the cluster’s configuration. They can be set at cluster initialization and modification with ‘–file-storage-dir’ and ‘–shared-file-storage-dir’.
  • Cluster verification now includes stricter checks regarding the default file and shared file storage directories. It now checks that the directories are explicitely allowed in the ‘file-storage-paths’ file and that the directories exist on all nodes.
  • The list of allowed disk templates in the instance policy and the list of cluster-wide enabled disk templates is now checked for consistency on cluster or group modification. On cluster initialization, the ipolicy disk templates are ensured to be a subset of the cluster-wide enabled disk templates.

New features

  • DRBD 8.4 support. Depending on the installed DRBD version, Ganeti now uses the correct command syntax. It is possible to use different DRBD versions on different nodes as long as they are compatible to each other. This enables rolling upgrades of DRBD with no downtime. As permanent operation of different DRBD versions within a node group is discouraged, gnt-cluster verify will emit a warning if it detects such a situation.
  • New “inst-status-xen” data collector for the monitoring daemon, providing information about the state of the xen instances on the nodes.
  • New “lv” data collector for the monitoring daemon, collecting data about the logical volumes on the nodes, and pairing them with the name of the instances they belong to.
  • New “diskstats” data collector, collecting the data from /proc/diskstats and presenting them over the monitoring daemon interface.
  • The ConfD client is now IPv6 compatible.

New dependencies

The following new dependencies have been added.



Since 2.9.0 rc3

  • Correctly start/stop luxid during gnt-cluster master-failover (inherited from stable-2.8)
  • Improved error messsages (inherited from stable-2.8)

Version 2.9.0 rc3

(Released Tue, 15 Oct 2013)

The third release candidate in the 2.9 series. Since 2.9.0 rc2:

  • in implicit configuration upgrade, match ipolicy with enabled disk templates
  • improved harep documentation (inherited from stable-2.8)

Version 2.9.0 rc2

(Released Wed, 9 Oct 2013)

The second release candidate in the 2.9 series. Since 2.9.0 rc1:

  • Fix bug in cfgupgrade that led to failure when upgrading from 2.8 with at least one DRBD instance.
  • Fix bug in cfgupgrade that led to an invalid 2.8 configuration after downgrading.

Version 2.9.0 rc1

(Released Tue, 1 Oct 2013)

The first release candidate in the 2.9 series. Since 2.9.0 beta1:

  • various bug fixes
  • update of the documentation, in particular installation instructions
  • merging of LD_* constants into DT_* constants
  • python style changes to be compatible with newer versions of pylint

Version 2.9.0 beta1

(Released Thu, 29 Aug 2013)

This was the first beta release of the 2.9 series. All important changes are listed in the latest 2.9 entry.

Version 2.8.4

(Released Thu, 23 Jan 2014)

  • Change the list separator for the usb_devices parameter from comma to space. Commas could not work because they are already the hypervisor option separator (Issue 649)
  • Add support for blktap2 file-driver (Issue 638)
  • Add network tag definitions to the haskell codebase (Issue 641)
  • Fix RAPI network tag handling
  • Add the network tags to the tags searched by gnt-cluster search-tags
  • Fix caching bug preventing jobs from being cancelled
  • Start-master/stop-master was always failing if ConfD was disabled. (Issue 685)

Version 2.8.3

(Released Thu, 12 Dec 2013)

  • Fixed Luxi daemon socket permissions after master-failover
  • Improve IP version detection code directly checking for colons rather than passing the family from the cluster object
  • Fix NODE/NODE_RES locking in LUInstanceCreate by not acquiring NODE_RES locks opportunistically anymore (Issue 622)
  • Allow link local IPv6 gateways (Issue 624)
  • Fix error printing (Issue 616)
  • Fix a bug in InstanceSetParams concerning names: in case no name is passed in disk modifications, keep the old one. If name=none then set disk name to None.
  • Update build_chroot script to work with the latest hackage packages
  • Add a packet number limit to “fping” in master-ip-setup (Issue 630)
  • Fix evacuation out of drained node (Issue 615)
  • Add default file_driver if missing (Issue 571)
  • Fix job error message after unclean master shutdown (Issue 618)
  • Lock group(s) when creating instances (Issue 621)
  • SetDiskID() before accepting an instance (Issue 633)
  • Allow the ext template disks to receive arbitrary parameters, both at creation time and while being modified
  • Xen handle domain shutdown (future proofing cherry-pick)
  • Refactor reading live data in htools (future proofing cherry-pick)

Version 2.8.2

(Released Thu, 07 Nov 2013)

  • DRBD: ensure peers are UpToDate for dual-primary
  • Improve error message for replace-disks
  • More dependency checks at configure time
  • Placate warnings on

Version 2.8.1

(Released Thu, 17 Oct 2013)

  • Correctly start/stop luxid during gnt-cluster master-failover
  • Don’t attempt IPv6 ssh in case of IPv4 cluster (Issue 595)
  • Fix path for the job queue serial file
  • Improved harep man page
  • Minor documentation improvements

Version 2.8.0

(Released Mon, 30 Sep 2013)

Incompatible/important changes

  • Instance policy can contain multiple instance specs, as described in the “Constrained instance sizes” section of Partitioned Ganeti. As a consequence, it’s not possible to partially change or override instance specs. Bounding specs (min and max) can be specified as a whole using the new option --ipolicy-bounds-specs, while standard specs use the new option --ipolicy-std-specs.
  • The output of the info command of gnt-cluster, gnt-group, gnt-node, gnt-instance is a valid YAML object.
  • hail now honors network restrictions when allocating nodes. This led to an update of the IAllocator protocol. See the IAllocator documentation for details.
  • confd now only answers static configuration request over the network. luxid was extracted, listens on the local LUXI socket and responds to live queries. This allows finer grained permissions if using separate users.

New features

  • The Remote API daemon now supports a command line flag to always require authentication, --require-authentication. It can be specified in $sysconfdir/default/ganeti.
  • A new cluster attribute ‘enabled_disk_templates’ is introduced. It will be used to manage the disk templates to be used by instances in the cluster. Initially, it will be set to a list that includes plain, drbd, if they were enabled by specifying a volume group name, and file and sharedfile, if those were enabled at configure time. Additionally, it will include all disk templates that are currently used by instances. The order of disk templates will be based on Ganeti’s history of supporting them. In the future, the first entry of the list will be used as a default disk template on instance creation.
  • cfgupgrade now supports a --downgrade option to bring the configuration back to the previous stable version.
  • Disk templates in group ipolicy can be restored to the default value.
  • Initial support for diskless instances and virtual clusters in QA.
  • More QA and unit tests for instance policies.
  • Every opcode now contains a reason trail (visible through gnt-job info) describing why the opcode itself was executed.
  • The monitoring daemon is now available. It allows users to query the cluster for obtaining information about the status of the system. The daemon is only responsible for providing the information over the network: the actual data gathering is performed by data collectors (currently, only the DRBD status collector is available).
  • In order to help developers work on Ganeti, a new script (devel/build_chroot) is provided, for building a chroot that contains all the required development libraries and tools for compiling Ganeti on a Debian Squeeze system.
  • A new tool, harep, for performing self-repair and recreation of instances in Ganeti has been added.
  • Split queries are enabled for tags, network, exports, cluster info, groups, jobs, nodes.
  • New command show-ispecs-cmd for gnt-cluster and gnt-group. It prints the command line to set the current policies, to ease changing them.
  • Add the vnet_hdr HV parameter for KVM, to control whether the tap devices for KVM virtio-net interfaces will get created with VNET_HDR (IFF_VNET_HDR) support. If set to false, it disables offloading on the virtio-net interfaces, which prevents host kernel tainting and log flooding, when dealing with broken or malicious virtio-net drivers. It’s set to true by default.
  • Instance failover now supports a --cleanup parameter for fixing previous failures.
  • Support ‘viridian’ parameter in Xen HVM
  • Support DSA SSH keys in bootstrap
  • To simplify the work of packaging frameworks that want to add the needed users and groups in a split-user setup themselves, at build time three files in doc/users will be generated. The groups files contains, one per line, the groups to be generated, the users file contains, one per line, the users to be generated, optionally followed by their primary group, where important. The groupmemberships file contains, one per line, additional user-group membership relations that need to be established. The syntax of these files will remain stable in all future versions.

New dependencies

The following new dependencies have been added:

For Haskell: - The curl library is not optional anymore for compiling the Haskell code. - snap-server library (if monitoring is enabled).

For Python: - The minimum Python version needed to run Ganeti is now 2.6. - yaml library (only for running the QA).

Since 2.8.0 rc3

  • Perform proper cleanup on termination of Haskell daemons
  • Fix corner-case in handling of remaining retry time

Version 2.8.0 rc3

(Released Tue, 17 Sep 2013)

  • To simplify the work of packaging frameworks that want to add the needed users and groups in a split-user setup themselves, at build time three files in doc/users will be generated. The groups files contains, one per line, the groups to be generated, the users file contains, one per line, the users to be generated, optionally followed by their primary group, where important. The groupmemberships file contains, one per line, additional user-group membership relations that need to be established. The syntax of these files will remain stable in all future versions.
  • Add a default to file-driver when unspecified over RAPI (Issue 571)
  • Mark the DSA host pubkey as optional, and remove it during config downgrade (Issue 560)
  • Some documentation fixes

Version 2.8.0 rc2

(Released Tue, 27 Aug 2013)

The second release candidate of the 2.8 series. Since 2.8.0. rc1:

  • Support ‘viridian’ parameter in Xen HVM (Issue 233)
  • Include VCS version in gnt-cluster version
  • Support DSA SSH keys in bootstrap (Issue 338)
  • Fix batch creation of instances
  • Use FQDN to check master node status (Issue 551)
  • Make the DRBD collector more failure-resilient

Version 2.8.0 rc1

(Released Fri, 2 Aug 2013)

The first release candidate of the 2.8 series. Since 2.8.0 beta1:

  • Fix upgrading/downgrading from 2.7
  • Increase maximum RAPI message size
  • Documentation updates
  • Split confd between luxid and confd
  • Merge 2.7 series up to the 2.7.1 release
  • Allow the modify_etc_hosts option to be changed
  • Add better debugging for luxid queries
  • Expose bulk parameter for GetJobs in RAPI client
  • Expose missing network fields in RAPI
  • Add some cluster verify tests
  • Some unittest fixes
  • Fix a malfunction in hspace‘s tiered allocation
  • Fix query compatibility between haskell and python implementations
  • Add the vnet_hdr HV parameter for KVM
  • Add --cleanup to instance failover
  • Change the connected groups format in gnt-network info output; it was previously displayed as a raw list by mistake. (Merged from 2.7)

Version 2.8.0 beta1

(Released Mon, 24 Jun 2013)

This was the first beta release of the 2.8 series. All important changes are listed in the latest 2.8 entry.

Version 2.7.2

(Released Thu, 26 Sep 2013)

  • Change the connected groups format in gnt-network info output; it was previously displayed as a raw list by mistake
  • Check disk template in right dict when copying
  • Support multi-instance allocs without iallocator
  • Fix some errors in the documentation
  • Fix formatting of tuple in an error message

Version 2.7.1

(Released Thu, 25 Jul 2013)

  • Add logrotate functionality in daemon-util
  • Add logrotate example file
  • Add missing fields to network queries over rapi
  • Fix network object timestamps
  • Add support for querying network timestamps
  • Fix a typo in the example crontab
  • Fix a documentation typo

Version 2.7.0

(Released Thu, 04 Jul 2013)

Incompatible/important changes

  • Instance policies for disk size were documented to be on a per-disk basis, but hail applied them to the sum of all disks. This has been fixed.
  • hbal will now exit with status 0 if, during job execution over LUXI, early exit has been requested and all jobs are successful; before, exit status 1 was used, which cannot be differentiated from “job error” case
  • Compatibility with newer versions of rbd has been fixed
  • gnt-instance batch-create has been changed to use the bulk create opcode from Ganeti. This lead to incompatible changes in the format of the JSON file. It’s now not a custom dict anymore but a dict compatible with the OpInstanceCreate opcode.
  • Parent directories for file storage need to be listed in $sysconfdir/ganeti/file-storage-paths now. cfgupgrade will write the file automatically based on old configuration values, but it can not distribute it across all nodes and the file contents should be verified. Use gnt-cluster copyfile $sysconfdir/ganeti/file-storage-paths once the cluster has been upgraded. The reason for requiring this list of paths now is that before it would have been possible to inject new paths via RPC, allowing files to be created in arbitrary locations. The RPC protocol is protected using SSL/X.509 certificates, but as a design principle Ganeti does not permit arbitrary paths to be passed.
  • The parsing of the variants file for OSes (see ganeti-os-interface(7)) has been slightly changed: now empty lines and comment lines (starting with #) are ignored for better readability.
  • The setup-ssh tool added in Ganeti 2.2 has been replaced and is no longer available. gnt-node add now invokes a new tool on the destination node, named prepare-node-join, to configure the SSH daemon. Paramiko is no longer necessary to configure nodes’ SSH daemons via gnt-node add.
  • Draining (gnt-cluster queue drain) and un-draining the job queue (gnt-cluster queue undrain) now affects all nodes in a cluster and the flag is not reset after a master failover.
  • Python 2.4 has not been tested with this release. Using 2.6 or above is recommended. 2.6 will be mandatory from the 2.8 series.

New features

  • New network management functionality to support automatic allocation of IP addresses and managing of network parameters. See gnt-network(8) for more details.
  • New external storage backend, to allow managing arbitrary storage systems external to the cluster. See ganeti-extstorage-interface(7).
  • New exclusive-storage node parameter added, restricted to nodegroup level. When it’s set to true, physical disks are assigned in an exclusive fashion to instances, as documented in Partitioned Ganeti. Currently, only instances using the plain disk template are supported.
  • The KVM hypervisor has been updated with many new hypervisor parameters, including a generic one for passing arbitrary command line values. See a complete list in gnt-instance(8). It is now compatible up to qemu 1.4.
  • A new tool, called mon-collector, is the stand-alone executor of the data collectors for a monitoring system. As of this version, it just includes the DRBD data collector, that can be executed by calling mon-collector using the drbd parameter. See mon-collector(7).
  • A new user option, read, has been added for RAPI users. It allows granting permissions to query for information to a specific user without giving write permissions.
  • A new tool named node-cleanup has been added. It cleans remains of a cluster from a machine by stopping all daemons, removing certificates and ssconf files. Unless the --no-backup option is given, copies of the certificates are made.
  • Instance creations now support the use of opportunistic locking, potentially speeding up the (parallel) creation of multiple instances. This feature is currently only available via the RAPI interface and when an instance allocator is used. If the opportunistic_locking parameter is set the opcode will try to acquire as many locks as possible, but will not wait for any locks held by other opcodes. If not enough resources can be found to allocate the instance, the temporary error code temp_insufficient_resources is returned. The operation can be retried thereafter, with or without opportunistic locking.
  • New experimental linux-ha resource scripts.
  • Restricted-commands support: ganeti can now be asked (via command line or rapi) to perform commands on a node. These are passed via ganeti RPC rather than ssh. This functionality is restricted to commands specified on the $sysconfdir/ganeti/restricted-commands for security reasons. The file is not copied automatically.

Misc changes

  • Diskless instances are now externally mirrored (Issue 237). This for now has only been tested in conjunction with explicit target nodes for migration/failover.
  • Queries not needing locks or RPC access to the node can now be performed by the confd daemon, making them independent from jobs, and thus faster to execute. This is selectable at configure time.
  • The functionality for allocating multiple instances at once has been overhauled and is now also available through RAPI.

There are no significant changes from version 2.7.0~rc3.

Version 2.7.0 rc3

(Released Tue, 25 Jun 2013)

  • Fix permissions on the confd query socket (Issue 477)
  • Fix permissions on the job archive dir (Issue 498)
  • Fix handling of an internal exception in replace-disks (Issue 472)
  • Fix gnt-node info handling of shortened names (Issue 497)
  • Fix gnt-instance grow-disk when wiping is enabled
  • Documentation improvements, and support for newer pandoc
  • Fix hspace honoring ipolicy for disks (Issue 484)
  • Improve handling of the kvm_extra HV parameter

Version 2.7.0 rc2

(Released Fri, 24 May 2013)

  • devel/upload now works when /var/run on the target nodes is a symlink.
  • Disks added through gnt-instance modify or created through gnt-instance recreate-disks are wiped, if the prealloc_wipe_disks flag is set.
  • If wiping newly created disks fails, the disks are removed. Also, partial failures in creating disks through gnt-instance modify triggers a cleanup of the partially-created disks.
  • Removing the master IP address doesn’t fail if the address has been already removed.
  • Fix ownership of the OS log dir
  • Workaround missing SO_PEERCRED constant (Issue 191)

Version 2.7.0 rc1

(Released Fri, 3 May 2013)

This was the first release candidate of the 2.7 series. Since beta3:

  • Fix kvm compatibility with qemu 1.4 (Issue 389)
  • Documentation updates (admin guide, upgrade notes, install instructions) (Issue 372)
  • Fix gnt-group list nodes and instances count (Issue 436)
  • Fix compilation without non-mandatory libraries (Issue 441)
  • Fix xen-hvm hypervisor forcing nics to type ‘ioemu’ (Issue 247)
  • Make confd logging more verbose at INFO level (Issue 435)
  • Improve “networks” documentation in gnt-instance(8)
  • Fix failure path for instance storage type conversion (Issue 229)
  • Update htools text backend documentation
  • Improve the renew-crypto section of gnt-cluster(8)
  • Disable inter-cluster instance move for file-based instances, because it is dependant on instance export, which is not supported for file-based instances. (Issue 414)
  • Fix gnt-job crashes on non-ascii characters (Issue 427)
  • Fix volume group checks on non-vm-capable nodes (Issue 432)

Version 2.7.0 beta3

(Released Mon, 22 Apr 2013)

This was the third beta release of the 2.7 series. Since beta2:

  • Fix hail to verify disk instance policies on a per-disk basis (Issue 418).
  • Fix data loss on wrong usage of gnt-instance move
  • Properly export errors in confd-based job queries
  • Add users-setup tool
  • Fix iallocator protocol to report 0 as a disk size for diskless instances. This avoids hail breaking when a diskless instance is present.
  • Fix job queue directory permission problem that made confd job queries fail. This requires running an ensure-dirs --full-run on upgrade for access to archived jobs (Issue 406).
  • Limit the sizes of networks supported by gnt-network to something between a /16 and a /30 to prevent memory bloat and crashes.
  • Fix bugs in instance disk template conversion
  • Fix GHC 7 compatibility
  • Fix burnin install path (Issue 426).
  • Allow very small disk grows (Issue 347).
  • Fix a ganeti-noded memory bloat introduced in 2.5, by making sure that noded doesn’t import masterd code (Issue 419).
  • Make sure the default metavg at cluster init is the same as the vg, if unspecified (Issue 358).
  • Fix cleanup of partially created disks (part of Issue 416)

Version 2.7.0 beta2

(Released Tue, 2 Apr 2013)

This was the second beta release of the 2.7 series. Since beta1:

  • Networks no longer have a “type” slot, since this information was unused in Ganeti: instead of it tags should be used.
  • The rapi client now has a target_node option to MigrateInstance.
  • Fix early exit return code for hbal (Issue 386).
  • Fix gnt-instance migrate/failover -n (Issue 396).
  • Fix rbd showmapped output parsing (Issue 312).
  • Networks are now referenced indexed by UUID, rather than name. This will require running cfgupgrade, from 2.7.0beta1, if networks are in use.
  • The OS environment now includes network information.
  • Deleting of a network is now disallowed if any instance nic is using it, to prevent dangling references.
  • External storage is now documented in man pages.
  • The exclusive_storage flag can now only be set at nodegroup level.
  • Hbal can now submit an explicit priority with its jobs.
  • Many network related locking fixes.
  • Bump up the required pylint version to 0.25.1.
  • Fix the no_remember option in RAPI client.
  • Many ipolicy related tests, qa, and fixes.
  • Many documentation improvements and fixes.
  • Fix building with --disable-file-storage.
  • Fix -q option in htools, which was broken if passed more than once.
  • Some haskell/python interaction improvements and fixes.
  • Fix iallocator in case of missing LVM storage.
  • Fix confd config load in case of --no-lvm-storage.
  • The confd/query functionality is now mentioned in the security documentation.

Version 2.7.0 beta1

(Released Wed, 6 Feb 2013)

This was the first beta release of the 2.7 series. All important changes are listed in the latest 2.7 entry.

Version 2.6.2

(Released Fri, 21 Dec 2012)

Important behaviour change: hbal won’t rebalance anymore instances which have the auto_balance attribute set to false. This was the intention all along, but until now it only skipped those from the N+1 memory reservation (DRBD-specific).

A significant number of bug fixes in this release:

  • Fixed disk adoption interaction with ipolicy checks.
  • Fixed networking issues when instances are started, stopped or migrated, by forcing the tap device’s MAC prefix to “fe” (issue 217).
  • Fixed the warning in cluster verify for shared storage instances not being redundant.
  • Fixed removal of storage directory on shared file storage (issue 262).
  • Fixed validation of LVM volume group name in OpClusterSetParams (gnt-cluster modify) (issue 285).
  • Fixed runtime memory increases (gnt-instance modify -m).
  • Fixed live migration under Xen’s xl mode.
  • Fixed gnt-instance console with xl.
  • Fixed building with newer Haskell compiler/libraries.
  • Fixed PID file writing in Haskell daemons (confd); this prevents restart issues if confd was launched manually (outside of daemon-util) while another copy of it was running
  • Fixed a type error when doing live migrations with KVM (issue 297) and the error messages for failing migrations have been improved.
  • Fixed opcode validation for the out-of-band commands (gnt-node power).
  • Fixed a type error when unsetting OS hypervisor parameters (issue 311); now it’s possible to unset all OS-specific hypervisor parameters.
  • Fixed the dry-run mode for many operations: verification of results was over-zealous but didn’t take into account the dry-run operation, resulting in “wrong” failures.
  • Fixed bash completion in gnt-job list when the job queue has hundreds of entries; especially with older bash versions, this results in significant CPU usage.

And lastly, a few other improvements have been made:

  • Added option to force master-failover without voting (issue 282).
  • Clarified error message on lock conflict (issue 287).
  • Logging of newly submitted jobs has been improved (issue 290).
  • Hostname checks have been made uniform between instance rename and create (issue 291).
  • The --submit option is now supported by gnt-debug delay.
  • Shutting down the master daemon by sending SIGTERM now stops it from processing jobs waiting for locks; instead, those jobs will be started once again after the master daemon is started the next time (issue 296).
  • Support for Xen’s xl program has been improved (besides the fixes above).
  • Reduced logging noise in the Haskell confd daemon (only show one log entry for each config reload, instead of two).
  • Several man page updates and typo fixes.

Version 2.6.1

(Released Fri, 12 Oct 2012)

A small bugfix release. Among the bugs fixed:

  • Fixed double use of PRIORITY_OPT in gnt-node migrate, that made the command unusable.
  • Commands that issue many jobs don’t fail anymore just because some jobs take so long that other jobs are archived.
  • Failures during gnt-instance reinstall are reflected by the exit status.
  • Issue 190 fixed. Check for DRBD in cluster verify is enabled only when DRBD is enabled.
  • When always_failover is set, --allow-failover is not required in migrate commands anymore.
  • bash_completion works even if extglob is disabled.
  • Fixed bug with locks that made failover for RDB-based instances fail.
  • Fixed bug in non-mirrored instance allocation that made Ganeti choose a random node instead of one based on the allocator metric.
  • Support for newer versions of pylint and pep8.
  • Hail doesn’t fail anymore when trying to add an instance of type file, sharedfile or rbd.
  • Added new Makefile target to rebuild the whole distribution, so that all files are included.

Version 2.6.0

(Released Fri, 27 Jul 2012)


The LUXI protocol has been made more consistent regarding its handling of command arguments. This, however, leads to incompatibility issues with previous versions. Please ensure that you restart Ganeti daemons soon after the upgrade, otherwise most LUXI calls (job submission, setting/resetting the drain flag, pausing/resuming the watcher, cancelling and archiving jobs, querying the cluster configuration) will fail.

New features

Instance run status

The current admin_up field, which used to denote whether an instance should be running or not, has been removed. Instead, admin_state is introduced, with 3 possible values – up, down and offline.

The rational behind this is that an instance being “down” can have different meanings:

  • it could be down during a reboot
  • it could be temporarily be down for a reinstall
  • or it could be down because it is deprecated and kept just for its disk

The previous Boolean state was making it difficult to do capacity calculations: should Ganeti reserve memory for a down instance? Now, the tri-state field makes it clear:

  • in up and down state, all resources are reserved for the instance, and it can be at any time brought up if it is down
  • in offline state, only disk space is reserved for it, but not memory or CPUs

The field can have an extra use: since the transition between up and down and vice-versus is done via gnt-instance start/stop, but transition between offline and down is done via gnt-instance modify, it is possible to given different rights to users. For example, owners of an instance could be allowed to start/stop it, but not transition it out of the offline state.

Instance policies and specs

In previous Ganeti versions, an instance creation request was not limited on the minimum size and on the maximum size just by the cluster resources. As such, any policy could be implemented only in third-party clients (RAPI clients, or shell wrappers over gnt-* tools). Furthermore, calculating cluster capacity via hspace again required external input with regards to instance sizes.

In order to improve these workflows and to allow for example better per-node group differentiation, we introduced instance specs, which allow declaring:

  • minimum instance disk size, disk count, memory size, cpu count
  • maximum values for the above metrics
  • and “standard” values (used in hspace to calculate the standard sized instances)

The minimum/maximum values can be also customised at node-group level, for example allowing more powerful hardware to support bigger instance memory sizes.

Beside the instance specs, there are a few other settings belonging to the instance policy framework. It is possible now to customise, per cluster and node-group:

  • the list of allowed disk templates
  • the maximum ratio of VCPUs per PCPUs (to control CPU oversubscription)
  • the maximum ratio of instance to spindles (see below for more information) for local storage

All these together should allow all tools that talk to Ganeti to know what are the ranges of allowed values for instances and the over-subscription that is allowed.

For the VCPU/PCPU ratio, we already have the VCPU configuration from the instance configuration, and the physical CPU configuration from the node. For the spindle ratios however, we didn’t track before these values, so new parameters have been added:

  • a new node parameter spindle_count, defaults to 1, customisable at node group or node level
  • at new backend parameter (for instances), spindle_use defaults to 1

Note that spindles in this context doesn’t need to mean actual mechanical hard-drives; it’s just a relative number for both the node I/O capacity and instance I/O consumption.

Instance migration behaviour

While live-migration is in general desirable over failover, it is possible that for some workloads it is actually worse, due to the variable time of the “suspend” phase during live migration.

To allow the tools to work consistently over such instances (without having to hard-code instance names), a new backend parameter always_failover has been added to control the migration/failover behaviour. When set to True, all migration requests for an instance will instead fall-back to failover.

Instance memory ballooning

Initial support for memory ballooning has been added. The memory for an instance is no longer fixed (backend parameter memory), but instead can vary between minimum and maximum values (backend parameters minmem and maxmem). Currently we only change an instance’s memory when:

  • live migrating or failing over and instance and the target node doesn’t have enough memory
  • user requests changing the memory via gnt-instance modify --runtime-memory

Instance CPU pinning

In order to control the use of specific CPUs by instance, support for controlling CPU pinning has been added for the Xen, HVM and LXC hypervisors. This is controlled by a new hypervisor parameter cpu_mask; details about possible values for this are in the gnt-instance(8). Note that use of the most specific (precise VCPU-to-CPU mapping) form will work well only when all nodes in your cluster have the same amount of CPUs.

Disk parameters

Another area in which Ganeti was not customisable were the parameters used for storage configuration, e.g. how many stripes to use for LVM, DRBD resync configuration, etc.

To improve this area, we’ve added disks parameters, which are customisable at cluster and node group level, and which allow to specify various parameters for disks (DRBD has the most parameters currently), for example:

  • DRBD resync algorithm and parameters (e.g. speed)
  • the default VG for meta-data volumes for DRBD
  • number of stripes for LVM (plain disk template)
  • the RBD pool

These parameters can be modified via gnt-cluster modify -D and gnt-group modify -D , and are used at either instance creation (in case of LVM stripes, for example) or at disk “activation” time (e.g. resync speed).

Rados block device support

A Rados ( storage backend has been added, denoted by the rbd disk template type. This is considered experimental, feedback is welcome. For details on configuring it, see the Ganeti installation tutorial document and the gnt-cluster(8) man page.

Master IP setup

The existing master IP functionality works well only in simple setups (a single network shared by all nodes); however, if nodes belong to different networks, then the /32 setup and lack of routing information is not enough.

To allow the master IP to function well in more complex cases, the system was reworked as follows:

  • a master IP netmask setting has been added
  • the master IP activation/turn-down code was moved from the node daemon to a separate script
  • whether to run the Ganeti-supplied master IP script or a user-supplied on is a gnt-cluster init setting

Details about the location of the standard and custom setup scripts are in the man page gnt-cluster(8); for information about the setup script protocol, look at the Ganeti-supplied script.

SPICE support

The SPICE support has been improved.

It is now possible to use TLS-protected connections, and when renewing or changing the cluster certificates (via gnt-cluster renew-crypto, it is now possible to specify spice or spice CA certificates. Also, it is possible to configure a password for SPICE sessions via the hypervisor parameter spice_password_file.

There are also new parameters to control the compression and streaming options (e.g. spice_image_compression, spice_streaming_video, etc.). For details, see the man page gnt-instance(8) and look for the spice parameters.

Lastly, it is now possible to see the SPICE connection information via gnt-instance console.

OVF converter

A new tool (tools/ovfconverter) has been added that supports conversion between Ganeti and the Open Virtualization Format (both to and from).

This relies on the qemu-img tool to convert the disk formats, so the actual compatibility with other virtualization solutions depends on it.

Confd daemon changes

The configuration query daemon (ganeti-confd) is now optional, and has been rewritten in Haskell; whether to use the daemon at all, use the Python (default) or the Haskell version is selectable at configure time via the --enable-confd parameter, which can take one of the haskell, python or no values. If not used, disabling the daemon will result in a smaller footprint; for larger systems, we welcome feedback on the Haskell version which might become the default in future versions.

If you want to use gnt-node list-drbd you need to have the Haskell daemon running. The Python version doesn’t implement the new call.

User interface changes

We have replaced the --disks option of gnt-instance replace-disks with a more flexible --disk option, which allows adding and removing disks at arbitrary indices (Issue 188). Furthermore, disk size and mode can be changed upon recreation (via gnt-instance recreate-disks, which accepts the same --disk option).

As many people are used to a show command, we have added that as an alias to info on all gnt-* commands.

The gnt-instance grow-disk command has a new mode in which it can accept the target size of the disk, instead of the delta; this can be more safe since two runs in absolute mode will be idempotent, and sometimes it’s also easier to specify the desired size directly.

Also the handling of instances with regard to offline secondaries has been improved. Instance operations should not fail because one of it’s secondary nodes is offline, even though it’s safe to proceed.

A new command list-drbd has been added to the gnt-node script to support debugging of DRBD issues on nodes. It provides a mapping of DRBD minors to instance name.

API changes

RAPI coverage has improved, with (for example) new resources for recreate-disks, node power-cycle, etc.


There is partial support for xl in the Xen hypervisor; feedback is welcome.

Python 2.7 is better supported, and after Ganeti 2.6 we will investigate whether to still support Python 2.4 or move to Python 2.6 as minimum required version.

Support for Fedora has been slightly improved; the provided example init.d script should work better on it and the INSTALL file should document the needed dependencies.

Internal changes

The deprecated QueryLocks LUXI request has been removed. Use Query(what=QR_LOCK, ...) instead.

The LUXI requests QueryJobs, QueryInstances, QueryNodes, QueryGroups, QueryExports and QueryTags are deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Query should be used instead.

RAPI client: CertificateError now derives from GanetiApiError. This should make it more easy to handle Ganeti errors.

Deprecation warnings due to PyCrypto/paramiko import in tools/setup-ssh have been silenced, as usually they are safe; please make sure to run an up-to-date paramiko version, if you use this tool.

The QA scripts now depend on Python 2.5 or above (the main code base still works with Python 2.4).

The configuration file ( is now written without indentation for performance reasons; if you want to edit it, it can be re-formatted via tools/fmtjson.

A number of bugs has been fixed in the cluster merge tool.

x509 certification verification (used in import-export) has been changed to allow the same clock skew as permitted by the cluster verification. This will remove some rare but hard to diagnose errors in import-export.

Version 2.6.0 rc4

(Released Thu, 19 Jul 2012)

Very few changes from rc4 to the final release, only bugfixes:

  • integrated fixes from release 2.5.2 (fix general boot flag for KVM instance, fix CDROM booting for KVM instances)
  • fixed node group modification of node parameters
  • fixed issue in LUClusterVerifyGroup with multi-group clusters
  • fixed generation of bash completion to ensure a stable ordering
  • fixed a few typos

Version 2.6.0 rc3

(Released Fri, 13 Jul 2012)

Third release candidate for 2.6. The following changes were done from rc3 to rc4:

  • Fixed UpgradeConfig w.r.t. to disk parameters on disk objects.
  • Fixed an inconsistency in the LUXI protocol with the provided arguments (NOT backwards compatible)
  • Fixed a bug with node groups ipolicy where min was greater than the cluster std value
  • Implemented a new gnt-node list-drbd call to list DRBD minors for easier instance debugging on nodes (requires hconfd to work)

Version 2.6.0 rc2

(Released Tue, 03 Jul 2012)

Second release candidate for 2.6. The following changes were done from rc2 to rc3:

  • Fixed gnt-cluster verify regarding master-ip-script on non master candidates
  • Fixed a RAPI regression on missing beparams/memory
  • Fixed redistribution of files on offline nodes
  • Added possibility to run activate-disks even though secondaries are offline. With this change it relaxes also the strictness on some other commands which use activate disks internally: * gnt-instance start|reboot|rename|backup|export
  • Made it possible to remove safely an instance if its secondaries are offline
  • Made it possible to reinstall even though secondaries are offline

Version 2.6.0 rc1

(Released Mon, 25 Jun 2012)

First release candidate for 2.6. The following changes were done from rc1 to rc2:

  • Fixed bugs with disk parameters and rbd templates as well as instance_os_add
  • Made gnt-instance modify more consistent regarding new NIC/Disk behaviour. It supports now the modify operation
  • hcheck implemented to analyze cluster health and possibility of improving health by rebalance
  • hbal has been improved in dealing with split instances

Version 2.6.0 beta2

(Released Mon, 11 Jun 2012)

Second beta release of 2.6. The following changes were done from beta2 to rc1:

  • Fixed daemon-util with non-root user models
  • Fixed creation of plain instances with --no-wait-for-sync
  • Fix wrong iv_names when running cfgupgrade
  • Export more information in RAPI group queries
  • Fixed bug when changing instance network interfaces
  • Extended burnin to do NIC changes
  • query: Added <, >, <=, >= comparison operators
  • Changed default for DRBD barriers
  • Fixed DRBD error reporting for syncer rate
  • Verify the options on disk parameters

And of course various fixes to documentation and improved unittests and QA.

Version 2.6.0 beta1

(Released Wed, 23 May 2012)

First beta release of 2.6. The following changes were done from beta1 to beta2:

  • integrated patch for distributions without start-stop-daemon
  • adapted example init.d script to work on Fedora
  • fixed log handling in Haskell daemons
  • adapted checks in the watcher for pycurl linked against libnss
  • add partial support for xl instead of xm for Xen
  • fixed a type issue in cluster verification
  • fixed ssconf handling in the Haskell code (was breaking confd in IPv6 clusters)

Plus integrated fixes from the 2.5 branch:

  • fixed kvm-ifup to use /bin/bash
  • fixed parallel build failures
  • KVM live migration when using a custom keymap

Version 2.5.2

(Released Tue, 24 Jul 2012)

A small bugfix release, with no new features:

  • fixed bash-isms in kvm-ifup, for compatibility with systems which use a different default shell (e.g. Debian, Ubuntu)
  • fixed KVM startup and live migration with a custom keymap (fixes Issue 243 and Debian bug #650664)
  • fixed compatibility with KVM versions that don’t support multiple boot devices (fixes Issue 230 and Debian bug #624256)

Additionally, a few fixes were done to the build system (fixed parallel build failures) and to the unittests (fixed race condition in test for FileID functions, and the default enable/disable mode for QA test is now customisable).

Version 2.5.1

(Released Fri, 11 May 2012)

A small bugfix release.

The main issues solved are on the topic of compatibility with newer LVM releases:

  • fixed parsing of lv_attr field
  • adapted to new vgreduce --removemissing behaviour where sometimes the --force flag is needed

Also on the topic of compatibility, tools/lvmstrap has been changed to accept kernel 3.x too (was hardcoded to 2.6.*).

A regression present in 2.5.0 that broke handling (in the gnt-* scripts) of hook results and that also made display of other errors suboptimal was fixed; the code behaves now like 2.4 and earlier.

Another change in 2.5, the cleanup of the OS scripts environment, is too aggressive: it removed even the PATH variable, which requires the OS scripts to always need to export it. Since this is a bit too strict, we now export a minimal PATH, the same that we export for hooks.

The fix for issue 201 (Preserve bridge MTU in KVM ifup script) was integrated into this release.

Finally, a few other miscellaneous changes were done (no new features, just small improvements):

  • Fix gnt-group --help display
  • Fix hardcoded Xen kernel path
  • Fix grow-disk handling of invalid units
  • Update synopsis for gnt-cluster repair-disk-sizes
  • Accept both PUT and POST in noded (makes future upgrade to 2.6 easier)

Version 2.5.0

(Released Thu, 12 Apr 2012)

Incompatible/important changes and bugfixes

  • The default of the /2/instances/[instance_name]/rename RAPI resource’s ip_check parameter changed from True to False to match the underlying LUXI interface.
  • The /2/nodes/[node_name]/evacuate RAPI resource was changed to use body parameters, see RAPI documentation. The server does not maintain backwards-compatibility as the underlying operation changed in an incompatible way. The RAPI client can talk to old servers, but it needs to be told so as the return value changed.
  • When creating file-based instances via RAPI, the file_driver parameter no longer defaults to loop and must be specified.
  • The deprecated bridge NIC parameter is no longer supported. Use link instead.
  • Support for the undocumented and deprecated RAPI instance creation request format version 0 has been dropped. Use version 1, supported since Ganeti 2.1.3 and documented, instead.
  • Pyparsing 1.4.6 or above is required, see installation documentation.
  • The “cluster-verify” hooks are now executed per group by the OP_CLUSTER_VERIFY_GROUP opcode. This maintains the same behavior if you just run gnt-cluster verify, which generates one opcode per group.
  • The environment as passed to the OS scripts is cleared, and thus no environment variables defined in the node daemon’s environment will be inherited by the scripts.
  • The iallocator mode multi-evacuate has been deprecated.
  • New iallocator modes have been added to support operations involving multiple node groups.
  • Offline nodes are ignored when failing over an instance.
  • Support for KVM version 1.0, which changed the version reporting format from 3 to 2 digits.
  • TCP/IP ports used by DRBD disks are returned to a pool upon instance removal.
  • Makefile is now compatible with Automake 1.11.2
  • Includes all bugfixes made in the 2.4 series

New features

  • The ganeti-htools project has been merged into the ganeti-core source tree and will be built as part of Ganeti (see Ganeti quick installation guide).
  • Implemented support for shared storage.
  • Add support for disks larger than 2 TB in lvmstrap by supporting GPT-style partition tables (requires parted).
  • Added support for floppy drive and 2nd CD-ROM drive in KVM hypervisor.
  • Allowed adding tags on instance creation.
  • Export instance tags to hooks (INSTANCE_TAGS, see Ganeti customisation using hooks)
  • Allow instances to be started in a paused state, enabling the user to see the complete console output on boot using the console.
  • Added new hypervisor flag to control default reboot behaviour (reboot_behavior).
  • Added support for KVM keymaps (hypervisor parameter keymap).
  • Improved out-of-band management support:
    • Added gnt-node health command reporting the health status of nodes.
    • Added gnt-node power command to manage power status of nodes.
    • Added command for emergency power-off (EPO), gnt-cluster epo.
  • Instance migration can fall back to failover if instance is not running.
  • Filters can be used when listing nodes, instances, groups and locks; see ganeti(7) manpage.
  • Added post-execution status as variables to hooks environment.
  • Instance tags are exported/imported together with the instance.
  • When given an explicit job ID, gnt-job info will work for archived jobs.
  • Jobs can define dependencies on other jobs (not yet supported via RAPI or command line, but used by internal commands and usable via LUXI).
    • Lock monitor (gnt-debug locks) shows jobs waiting for dependencies.
  • Instance failover is now available as a RAPI resource (/2/instances/[instance_name]/failover).
  • gnt-instance info defaults to static information if primary node is offline.
  • Opcodes have a new comment attribute.
  • Added basic SPICE support to KVM hypervisor.
  • tools/ganeti-listrunner allows passing of arguments to executable.

Node group improvements

  • gnt-cluster verify has been modified to check groups separately, thereby improving performance.
  • Node group support has been added to gnt-cluster verify-disks, which now operates per node group.
  • Watcher has been changed to work better with node groups.
    • One process and state file per node group.
    • Slow watcher in one group doesn’t block other group’s watcher.
  • Added new command, gnt-group evacuate, to move all instances in a node group to other groups.
  • Added gnt-instance change-group to move an instance to another node group.
  • gnt-cluster command and gnt-cluster copyfile now support per-group operations.
  • Node groups can be tagged.
  • Some operations switch from an exclusive to a shared lock as soon as possible.
  • Instance’s primary and secondary nodes’ groups are now available as query fields (,, and


  • Numerous updates to documentation and manpages.
    • RAPI documentation now has detailed parameter descriptions.
    • Some opcode/job results are now also documented, see RAPI.
  • A lockset’s internal lock is now also visible in lock monitor.
  • Log messages from job queue workers now contain information about the opcode they’re processing.
  • gnt-instance console no longer requires the instance lock.
  • A short delay when waiting for job changes reduces the number of LUXI requests significantly.
  • DRBD metadata volumes are overwritten with zeros during disk creation.
  • Out-of-band commands no longer acquire the cluster lock in exclusive mode.
  • devel/upload now uses correct permissions for directories.

Version 2.5.0 rc6

(Released Fri, 23 Mar 2012)

This was the sixth release candidate of the 2.5 series.

Version 2.5.0 rc5

(Released Mon, 9 Jan 2012)

This was the fifth release candidate of the 2.5 series.

Version 2.5.0 rc4

(Released Thu, 27 Oct 2011)

This was the fourth release candidate of the 2.5 series.

Version 2.5.0 rc3

(Released Wed, 26 Oct 2011)

This was the third release candidate of the 2.5 series.

Version 2.5.0 rc2

(Released Tue, 18 Oct 2011)

This was the second release candidate of the 2.5 series.

Version 2.5.0 rc1

(Released Tue, 4 Oct 2011)

This was the first release candidate of the 2.5 series.

Version 2.5.0 beta3

(Released Wed, 31 Aug 2011)

This was the third beta release of the 2.5 series.

Version 2.5.0 beta2

(Released Mon, 22 Aug 2011)

This was the second beta release of the 2.5 series.

Version 2.5.0 beta1

(Released Fri, 12 Aug 2011)

This was the first beta release of the 2.5 series.

Version 2.4.5

(Released Thu, 27 Oct 2011)

  • Fixed bug when parsing command line parameter values ending in backslash
  • Fixed assertion error after unclean master shutdown
  • Disable HTTP client pool for RPC, significantly reducing memory usage of master daemon
  • Fixed queue archive creation with wrong permissions

Version 2.4.4

(Released Tue, 23 Aug 2011)

Small bug-fixes:

  • Fixed documentation for importing with --src-dir option
  • Fixed a bug in ensure-dirs with queue/archive permissions
  • Fixed a parsing issue with DRBD 8.3.11 in the Linux kernel

Version 2.4.3

(Released Fri, 5 Aug 2011)

Many bug-fixes and a few small features:

  • Fixed argument order in ReserveLV and ReserveMAC which caused issues when you tried to add an instance with two MAC addresses in one request
  • KVM: fixed per-instance stored UID value
  • KVM: configure bridged NICs at migration start
  • KVM: Fix a bug where instance will not start with never KVM versions (>= 0.14)
  • Added OS search path to gnt-cluster info
  • Fixed an issue with file_storage_dir where you were forced to provide an absolute path, but the documentation states it is a relative path, the documentation was right
  • Added a new parameter to instance stop/start called --no-remember that will make the state change to not be remembered
  • Implemented no_remember at RAPI level
  • Improved the documentation
  • Node evacuation: don’t call IAllocator if node is already empty
  • Fixed bug in DRBD8 replace disks on current nodes
  • Fixed bug in recreate-disks for DRBD instances
  • Moved assertion checking locks in gnt-instance replace-disks causing it to abort with not owning the right locks for some situation
  • Job queue: Fixed potential race condition when cancelling queued jobs
  • Fixed off-by-one bug in job serial generation
  • gnt-node volumes: Fix instance names
  • Fixed aliases in bash completion
  • Fixed a bug in reopening log files after being sent a SIGHUP
  • Added a flag to burnin to allow specifying VCPU count
  • Bugfixes to non-root Ganeti configuration

Version 2.4.2

(Released Thu, 12 May 2011)

Many bug-fixes and a few new small features:

  • Fixed a bug related to log opening failures
  • Fixed a bug in instance listing with orphan instances
  • Fixed a bug which prevented resetting the cluster-level node parameter oob_program to the default
  • Many fixes related to the cluster-merge tool
  • Fixed a race condition in the lock monitor, which caused failures during (at least) creation of many instances in parallel
  • Improved output for gnt-job info
  • Removed the quiet flag on some ssh calls which prevented debugging failures
  • Improved the N+1 failure messages in cluster verify by actually showing the memory values (needed and available)
  • Increased lock attempt timeouts so that when executing long operations (e.g. DRBD replace-disks) other jobs do not enter ‘blocking acquire’ too early and thus prevent the use of the ‘fair’ mechanism
  • Changed instance query data (gnt-instance info) to not acquire locks unless needed, thus allowing its use on locked instance if only static information is asked for
  • Improved behaviour with filesystems that do not support rename on an opened file
  • Fixed the behaviour of prealloc_wipe_disks cluster parameter which kept locks on all nodes during the wipe, which is unneeded
  • Fixed gnt-watcher handling of errors during hooks execution
  • Fixed bug in prealloc_wipe_disks with small disk sizes (less than 10GiB) which caused the wipe to fail right at the end in some cases
  • Fixed master IP activation when doing master failover with no-voting
  • Fixed bug in gnt-node add --readd which allowed the re-adding of the master node itself
  • Fixed potential data-loss in under disk full conditions, where Ganeti wouldn’t check correctly the return code and would consider partially-written files ‘correct’
  • Fixed bug related to multiple VGs and DRBD disk replacing
  • Added new disk parameter metavg that allows placement of the meta device for DRBD in a different volume group
  • Fixed error handling in the node daemon when the system libc doesn’t have major number 6 (i.e. if is not the actual libc)
  • Fixed lock release during replace-disks, which kept cluster-wide locks when doing disk replaces with an iallocator script
  • Added check for missing bridges in cluster verify
  • Handle EPIPE errors while writing to the terminal better, so that piping the output to e.g. less doesn’t cause a backtrace
  • Fixed rare case where a ^C during Luxi calls could have been interpreted as server errors, instead of simply terminating
  • Fixed a race condition in LUGroupAssignNodes (gnt-group assign-nodes)
  • Added a few more parameters to the KVM hypervisor, allowing a second CDROM, custom disk type for CDROMs and a floppy image
  • Removed redundant message in instance rename when the name is given already as a FQDN
  • Added option to gnt-instance recreate-disks to allow creating the disks on new nodes, allowing recreation when the original instance nodes are completely gone
  • Added option when converting disk templates to DRBD to skip waiting for the resync, in order to make the instance available sooner
  • Added two new variables to the OS scripts environment (containing the instance’s nodes)
  • Made the root_path and optional parameter for the xen-pvm hypervisor, to allow use of pvgrub as bootloader
  • Changed the instance memory modifications to only check out-of-memory conditions on memory increases, and turned the secondary node warnings into errors (they can still be overridden via --force)
  • Fixed the handling of a corner case when the Python installation gets corrupted (e.g. a bad disk) while ganeti-noded is running and we try to execute a command that doesn’t exist
  • Fixed a bug in gnt-instance move (LUInstanceMove) when the primary node of the instance returned failures during instance shutdown; this adds the option --ignore-consistency to gnt-instance move

And as usual, various improvements to the error messages, documentation and man pages.

Version 2.4.1

(Released Wed, 09 Mar 2011)

Emergency bug-fix release. tools/cfgupgrade was broken and overwrote the RAPI users file if run twice (even with --dry-run).

The release fixes that bug (nothing else changed).

Version 2.4.0

(Released Mon, 07 Mar 2011)

Final 2.4.0 release. Just a few small fixes:

  • Fixed RAPI node evacuate
  • Fixed the kvm-ifup script
  • Fixed internal error handling for special job cases
  • Updated man page to specify the escaping feature for options

Version 2.4.0 rc3

(Released Mon, 28 Feb 2011)

A critical fix for the prealloc_wipe_disks feature: it is possible that this feature wiped the disks of the wrong instance, leading to loss of data.

Other changes:

  • Fixed title of query field containing instance name
  • Expanded the glossary in the documentation
  • Fixed one unittest (internal issue)

Version 2.4.0 rc2

(Released Mon, 21 Feb 2011)

A number of bug fixes plus just a couple functionality changes.

On the user-visible side, the gnt-* list command output has changed with respect to “special” field states. The current rc1 style of display can be re-enabled by passing a new --verbose (-v) flag, but in the default output mode special fields states are displayed as follows:

  • Offline resource: *
  • Unavailable/not applicable: -
  • Data missing (RPC failure): ?
  • Unknown field: ??

Another user-visible change is the addition of --force-join to gnt-node add.

As for bug fixes:

  • tools/cluster-merge has seen many fixes and is now enabled again
  • Fixed regression in RAPI/instance reinstall where all parameters were required (instead of optional)
  • Fixed gnt-cluster repair-disk-sizes, was broken since Ganeti 2.2
  • Fixed iallocator usage (offline nodes were not considered offline)
  • Fixed gnt-node list with respect to non-vm_capable nodes
  • Fixed hypervisor and OS parameter validation with respect to non-vm_capable nodes
  • Fixed gnt-cluster verify with respect to offline nodes (mostly cosmetic)
  • Fixed tools/listrunner with respect to agent-based usage

Version 2.4.0 rc1

(Released Fri, 4 Feb 2011)

Many changes and fixes since the beta1 release. While there were some internal changes, the code has been mostly stabilised for the RC release.

Note: the dumb allocator was removed in this release, as it was not kept up-to-date with the IAllocator protocol changes. It is recommended to use the hail command from the ganeti-htools package.

Note: the 2.4 and up versions of Ganeti are not compatible with the 0.2.x branch of ganeti-htools. You need to upgrade to ganeti-htools-0.3.0 (or later).

Regressions fixed from 2.3

  • Fixed the gnt-cluster verify-disks command
  • Made gnt-cluster verify-disks work in parallel (as opposed to serially on nodes)
  • Fixed disk adoption breakage
  • Fixed wrong headers in instance listing for field aliases

Other bugs fixed

  • Fixed corner case in KVM handling of NICs
  • Fixed many cases of wrong handling of non-vm_capable nodes
  • Fixed a bug where a missing instance symlink was not possible to recreate with any gnt-* command (now gnt-instance activate-disks does it)
  • Fixed the volume group name as reported by gnt-cluster verify-disks
  • Increased timeouts for the import-export code, hopefully leading to fewer aborts due network or instance timeouts
  • Fixed bug in gnt-node list-storage
  • Fixed bug where not all daemons were started on cluster initialisation, but only at the first watcher run
  • Fixed many bugs in the OOB implementation
  • Fixed watcher behaviour in presence of instances with offline secondaries
  • Fixed instance list output for instances running on the wrong node
  • a few fixes to the cluster-merge tool, but it still cannot merge multi-node groups (currently it is not recommended to use this tool)


  • Improved network configuration for the KVM hypervisor
  • Added e1000 as a supported NIC for Xen-HVM
  • Improved the lvmstrap tool to also be able to use partitions, as opposed to full disks
  • Improved speed of disk wiping (the cluster parameter prealloc_wipe_disks, so that it has a low impact on the total time of instance creations
  • Added documentation for the OS parameters
  • Changed gnt-instance deactivate-disks so that it can work if the hypervisor is not responding
  • Added display of blacklisted and hidden OS information in gnt-cluster info
  • Extended gnt-cluster verify to also validate hypervisor, backend, NIC and node parameters, which might create problems with currently invalid (but undetected) configuration files, but prevents validation failures when unrelated parameters are modified
  • Changed cluster initialisation to wait for the master daemon to become available
  • Expanded the RAPI interface:
    • Added config redistribution resource
    • Added activation/deactivation of instance disks
    • Added export of console information
  • Implemented log file reopening on SIGHUP, which allows using logrotate(8) for the Ganeti log files
  • Added a basic OOB helper script as an example

Version 2.4.0 beta1

(Released Fri, 14 Jan 2011)


  • Fixed timezone issues when formatting timestamps
  • Added support for node groups, available via gnt-group and other commands
  • Added out-of-band framework and management, see design document
  • Removed support for roman numbers from gnt-node list and gnt-instance list.
  • Allowed modification of master network interface via gnt-cluster modify --master-netdev
  • Accept offline secondaries while shutting down instance disks
  • Added blockdev_prefix parameter to Xen PVM and HVM hypervisors
  • Added support for multiple LVM volume groups
  • Avoid sorting nodes for gnt-node list if specific nodes are requested
  • Added commands to list available fields:
    • gnt-node list-fields
    • gnt-group list-fields
    • gnt-instance list-fields
  • Updated documentation and man pages


  • Moved rapi_users file into separate directory, now named .../ganeti/rapi/users, cfgupgrade moves the file and creates a symlink
  • Added new tool for running commands on many machines, tools/ganeti-listrunner
  • Implemented more verbose result in OpInstanceConsole opcode, also improving the gnt-instance console output
  • Allowed customisation of disk index separator at configure time
  • Export node group allocation policy to iallocator
  • Added support for non-partitioned md disks in lvmstrap
  • Added script to gracefully power off KVM instances
  • Split utils module into smaller parts
  • Changed query operations to return more detailed information, e.g. whether an information is unavailable due to an offline node. To use this new functionality, the LUXI call Query must be used. Field information is now stored by the master daemon and can be retrieved using QueryFields. Instances, nodes and groups can also be queried using the new opcodes OpQuery and OpQueryFields (not yet exposed via RAPI). The following commands make use of this infrastructure change:
    • gnt-group list
    • gnt-group list-fields
    • gnt-node list
    • gnt-node list-fields
    • gnt-instance list
    • gnt-instance list-fields
    • gnt-debug locks

Remote API

  • New RAPI resources (see Ganeti remote API):
    • /2/modify
    • /2/groups
    • /2/groups/[group_name]
    • /2/groups/[group_name]/assign-nodes
    • /2/groups/[group_name]/modify
    • /2/groups/[group_name]/rename
    • /2/instances/[instance_name]/disk/[disk_index]/grow
  • RAPI changes:
    • Implemented no_install for instance creation
    • Implemented OS parameters for instance reinstallation, allowing use of special settings on reinstallation (e.g. for preserving data)


  • Added IPv6 support in import/export
  • Pause DRBD synchronization while wiping disks on instance creation
  • Updated unittests and QA scripts
  • Improved network parameters passed to KVM
  • Converted man pages from docbook to reStructuredText

Version 2.3.1

(Released Mon, 20 Dec 2010)

Released version 2.3.1~rc1 without any changes.

Version 2.3.1 rc1

(Released Wed, 1 Dec 2010)

  • impexpd: Disable OpenSSL compression in socat if possible (backport from master, commit e90739d625b, see installation guide for details)
  • Changed unittest coverage report to exclude test scripts
  • Added script to check version format

Version 2.3.0

(Released Wed, 1 Dec 2010)

Released version 2.3.0~rc1 without any changes.

Version 2.3.0 rc1

(Released Fri, 19 Nov 2010)

A number of bugfixes and documentation updates:

  • Update ganeti-os-interface documentation
  • Fixed a bug related to duplicate MACs or similar items which should be unique
  • Fix breakage in OS state modify
  • Reinstall instance: disallow offline secondaries (fixes bug related to OS changing but reinstall failing)
  • plus all the other fixes between 2.2.1 and 2.2.2

Version 2.3.0 rc0

(Released Tue, 2 Nov 2010)

  • Fixed clearing of the default iallocator using gnt-cluster modify
  • Fixed master failover race with watcher
  • Fixed a bug in gnt-node modify which could lead to an inconsistent configuration
  • Accept previously stopped instance for export with instance removal
  • Simplify and extend the environment variables for instance OS scripts
  • Added new node flags, master_capable and vm_capable
  • Added optional instance disk wiping prior during allocation. This is a cluster-wide option and can be set/modified using gnt-cluster {init,modify} --prealloc-wipe-disks.
  • Added IPv6 support, see design document and Ganeti quick installation guide
  • Added a new watcher option (--ignore-pause)
  • Added option to ignore offline node on instance start/stop (--ignore-offline)
  • Allow overriding OS parameters with gnt-instance reinstall
  • Added ability to change node’s secondary IP address using gnt-node modify
  • Implemented privilege separation for all daemons except ganeti-noded, see configure options
  • Complain if an instance’s disk is marked faulty in gnt-cluster verify
  • Implemented job priorities (see ganeti(7) manpage)
  • Ignore failures while shutting down instances during failover from offline node
  • Exit daemon’s bootstrap process only once daemon is ready
  • Export more information via LUInstanceQuery/remote API
  • Improved documentation, QA and unittests
  • RAPI daemon now watches rapi_users all the time and doesn’t need a restart if the file was created or changed
  • Added LUXI protocol version sent with each request and response, allowing detection of server/client mismatches
  • Moved the Python scripts among gnt-* and ganeti-* into modules
  • Moved all code related to setting up SSH to an external script, setup-ssh
  • Infrastructure changes for node group support in future versions

Version 2.2.2

(Released Fri, 19 Nov 2010)

A few small bugs fixed, and some improvements to the build system:

  • Fix documentation regarding conversion to drbd
  • Fix validation of parameters in cluster modify (gnt-cluster modify -B)
  • Fix error handling in node modify with multiple changes
  • Allow remote imports without checked names

Version 2.2.1

(Released Tue, 19 Oct 2010)

  • Disable SSL session ID cache in RPC client

Version 2.2.1 rc1

(Released Thu, 14 Oct 2010)

  • Fix interaction between Curl/GnuTLS and the Python’s HTTP server (thanks Apollon Oikonomopoulos!), finally allowing the use of Curl with GnuTLS
  • Fix problems with interaction between Curl and Python’s HTTP server, resulting in increased speed in many RPC calls
  • Improve our release script to prevent breakage with older aclocal and Python 2.6

Version 2.2.1 rc0

(Released Thu, 7 Oct 2010)

  • Fixed issue 125, replace hardcoded “xenvg” in gnt-cluster with value retrieved from master
  • Added support for blacklisted or hidden OS definitions
  • Added simple lock monitor (accessible via (gnt-debug locks)
  • Added support for -mem-path in KVM hypervisor abstraction layer
  • Allow overriding instance parameters in tool for inter-cluster instance moves (tools/move-instance)
  • Improved opcode summaries (e.g. in gnt-job list)
  • Improve consistency of OS listing by sorting it
  • Documentation updates


(Released Fri, 8 Oct 2010)

  • Rebuild with a newer autotools version, to fix python 2.6 compatibility

Version 2.2.0

(Released Mon, 4 Oct 2010)

  • Fixed regression in gnt-instance rename

Version 2.2.0 rc2

(Released Wed, 22 Sep 2010)

  • Fixed OS_VARIANT variable for OS scripts
  • Fixed cluster tag operations via RAPI
  • Made setup-ssh exit with non-zero code if an error occurred
  • Disabled RAPI CA checks in watcher

Version 2.2.0 rc1

(Released Mon, 23 Aug 2010)

  • Support DRBD versions of the format “a.b.c.d”
  • Updated manpages
  • Re-introduce support for usage from multiple threads in RAPI client
  • Instance renames and modify via RAPI
  • Work around race condition between processing and archival in job queue
  • Mark opcodes following failed one as failed, too
  • Job field lock_status was removed due to difficulties making it work with the changed job queue in Ganeti 2.2; a better way to monitor locks is expected for a later 2.2.x release
  • Fixed dry-run behaviour with many commands
  • Support ssh-agent again when adding nodes
  • Many additional bugfixes

Version 2.2.0 rc0

(Released Fri, 30 Jul 2010)

Important change: the internal RPC mechanism between Ganeti nodes has changed from using a home-grown http library (based on the Python base libraries) to use the PycURL library. This requires that PycURL is installed on nodes. Please note that on Debian/Ubuntu, PycURL is linked against GnuTLS by default. cURL’s support for GnuTLS had known issues before cURL 7.21.0 and we recommend using the latest cURL release or linking against OpenSSL. Most other distributions already link PycURL and cURL against OpenSSL. The command:

python -c 'import pycurl; print pycurl.version'

can be used to determine the libraries PycURL and cURL are linked against.

Other significant changes:

  • Rewrote much of the internals of the job queue, in order to achieve better parallelism; this decouples job query operations from the job processing, and it should allow much nicer behaviour of the master daemon under load, and it also has uncovered some long-standing bugs related to the job serialisation (now fixed)
  • Added a default iallocator setting to the cluster parameters, eliminating the need to always pass nodes or an iallocator for operations that require selection of new node(s)
  • Added experimental support for the LXC virtualization method
  • Added support for OS parameters, which allows the installation of instances to pass parameter to OS scripts in order to customise the instance
  • Added a hypervisor parameter controlling the migration type (live or non-live), since hypervisors have various levels of reliability; this has renamed the ‘live’ parameter to ‘mode’
  • Added a cluster parameter reserved_lvs that denotes reserved logical volumes, meaning that cluster verify will ignore them and not flag their presence as errors
  • The watcher will now reset the error count for failed instances after 8 hours, thus allowing self-healing if the problem that caused the instances to be down/fail to start has cleared in the meantime
  • Added a cluster parameter drbd_usermode_helper that makes Ganeti check for, and warn, if the drbd module parameter usermode_helper is not consistent with the cluster-wide setting; this is needed to make diagnose easier of failed drbd creations
  • Started adding base IPv6 support, but this is not yet enabled/available for use
  • Rename operations (cluster, instance) will now return the new name, which is especially useful if a short name was passed in
  • Added support for instance migration in RAPI
  • Added a tool to pre-configure nodes for the SSH setup, before joining them to the cluster; this will allow in the future a simplified model for node joining (but not yet fully enabled in 2.2); this needs the paramiko python library
  • Fixed handling of name-resolving errors
  • Fixed consistency of job results on the error path
  • Fixed master-failover race condition when executed multiple times in sequence
  • Fixed many bugs related to the job queue (mostly introduced during the 2.2 development cycle, so not all are impacting 2.1)
  • Fixed instance migration with missing disk symlinks
  • Fixed handling of unknown jobs in gnt-job archive
  • And many other small fixes/improvements

Internal changes:

  • Enhanced both the unittest and the QA coverage
  • Switched the opcode validation to a generic model, and extended the validation to all opcode parameters
  • Changed more parts of the code that write shell scripts to use the same class for this
  • Switched the master daemon to use the asyncore library for the Luxi server endpoint

Version 2.2.0 beta0

(Released Thu, 17 Jun 2010)

  • Added tool (move-instance) and infrastructure to move instances between separate clusters (see separate documentation and design document)
  • Added per-request RPC timeout
  • RAPI now requires a Content-Type header for requests with a body (e.g. PUT or POST) which must be set to application/json (see RFC 2616 (HTTP/1.1), section 7.2.1)
  • ganeti-watcher attempts to restart ganeti-rapi if RAPI is not reachable
  • Implemented initial support for running Ganeti daemons as separate users, see configure-time flags --with-user-prefix and --with-group-prefix (only ganeti-rapi is supported at this time)
  • Instances can be removed after export (gnt-backup export --remove-instance)
  • Self-signed certificates generated by Ganeti now use a 2048 bit RSA key (instead of 1024 bit)
  • Added new cluster configuration file for cluster domain secret
  • Import/export now use SSL instead of SSH
  • Added support for showing estimated time when exporting an instance, see the ganeti-os-interface(7) manpage and look for EXP_SIZE_FD

Version 2.1.8

(Released Tue, 16 Nov 2010)

Some more bugfixes. Unless critical bugs occur, this will be the last 2.1 release:

  • Fix case of MAC special-values
  • Fix mac checker regex
  • backend: Fix typo causing “out of range” error
  • Add missing –units in gnt-instance list man page

Version 2.1.7

(Released Tue, 24 Aug 2010)

Bugfixes only:
  • Don’t ignore secondary node silently on non-mirrored disk templates (issue 113)
  • Fix –master-netdev arg name in gnt-cluster(8) (issue 114)
  • Fix usb_mouse parameter breaking with vnc_console (issue 109)
  • Properly document the usb_mouse parameter
  • Fix path in ganeti-rapi(8) (issue 116)
  • Adjust error message when the ganeti user’s .ssh directory is missing
  • Add same-node-check when changing the disk template to drbd

Version 2.1.6

(Released Fri, 16 Jul 2010)

Bugfixes only:
  • Add an option to only select some reboot types during qa/burnin. (on some hypervisors consequent reboots are not supported)
  • Fix infrequent race condition in master failover. Sometimes the old master ip address would be still detected as up for a short time after it was removed, causing failover to fail.
  • Decrease mlockall warnings when the ctypes module is missing. On Python 2.4 we support running even if no ctypes module is installed, but we were too verbose about this issue.
  • Fix building on old distributions, on which man doesn’t have a –warnings option.
  • Fix RAPI not to ignore the MAC address on instance creation
  • Implement the old instance creation format in the RAPI client.

Version 2.1.5

(Released Thu, 01 Jul 2010)

A small bugfix release:
  • Fix disk adoption: broken by strict –disk option checking in 2.1.4
  • Fix batch-create: broken in the whole 2.1 series due to a lookup on a non-existing option
  • Fix instance create: the –force-variant option was ignored
  • Improve pylint 0.21 compatibility and warnings with Python 2.6
  • Fix modify node storage with non-FQDN arguments
  • Fix RAPI client to authenticate under Python 2.6 when used for more than 5 requests needing authentication
  • Fix gnt-instance modify -t (storage) giving a wrong error message when converting a non-shutdown drbd instance to plain

Version 2.1.4

(Released Fri, 18 Jun 2010)

A small bugfix release:

  • Fix live migration of KVM instances started with older Ganeti versions which had fewer hypervisor parameters
  • Fix gnt-instance grow-disk on down instances
  • Fix an error-reporting bug during instance migration
  • Better checking of the --net and --disk values, to avoid silently ignoring broken ones
  • Fix an RPC error reporting bug affecting, for example, RAPI client users
  • Fix bug triggered by different API version os-es on different nodes
  • Fix a bug in instance startup with custom hvparams: OS level parameters would fail to be applied.
  • Fix the RAPI client under Python 2.6 (but more work is needed to make it work completely well with OpenSSL)
  • Fix handling of errors when resolving names from DNS

Version 2.1.3

(Released Thu, 3 Jun 2010)

A medium sized development cycle. Some new features, and some fixes/small improvements/cleanups.

Significant features

The node deamon now tries to mlock itself into memory, unless the --no-mlock flag is passed. It also doesn’t fail if it can’t write its logs, and falls back to console logging. This allows emergency features such as gnt-node powercycle to work even in the event of a broken node disk (tested offlining the disk hosting the node’s filesystem and dropping its memory caches; don’t try this at home)

KVM: add vhost-net acceleration support. It can be tested with a new enough version of the kernel and of qemu-kvm.

KVM: Add instance chrooting feature. If you use privilege dropping for your VMs you can also now force them to chroot to an empty directory, before starting the emulated guest.

KVM: Add maximum migration bandwith and maximum downtime tweaking support (requires a new-enough version of qemu-kvm).

Cluster verify will now warn if the master node doesn’t have the master ip configured on it.

Add a new (incompatible) instance creation request format to RAPI which supports all parameters (previously only a subset was supported, and it wasn’t possible to extend the old format to accomodate all the new features. The old format is still supported, and a client can check for this feature, before using it, by checking for its presence in the features RAPI resource.

Now with ancient latin support. Try it passing the --roman option to gnt-instance info, gnt-cluster info or gnt-node list (requires the python-roman module to be installed, in order to work).

Other changes

As usual many internal code refactorings, documentation updates, and such. Among others:

  • Lots of improvements and cleanups to the experimental Remote API (RAPI) client library.
  • A new unit test suite for the core daemon libraries.
  • A fix to creating missing directories makes sure the umask is not applied anymore. This enforces the same directory permissions everywhere.
  • Better handling terminating daemons with ctrl+c (used when running them in debugging mode).
  • Fix a race condition in live migrating a KVM instance, when stat() on the old proc status file returned EINVAL, which is an unexpected value.
  • Fixed manpage checking with newer man and utf-8 charachters. But now you need the en_US.UTF-8 locale enabled to build Ganeti from git.


(Released Fri, 7 May 2010)

Fix a bug which prevented untagged KVM instances from starting.

Version 2.1.2

(Released Fri, 7 May 2010)

Another release with a long development cycle, during which many different features were added.

Significant features

The KVM hypervisor now can run the individual instances as non-root, to reduce the impact of a VM being hijacked due to bugs in the hypervisor. It is possible to run all instances as a single (non-root) user, to manually specify a user for each instance, or to dynamically allocate a user out of a cluster-wide pool to each instance, with the guarantee that no two instances will run under the same user ID on any given node.

An experimental RAPI client library, that can be used standalone (without the other Ganeti libraries), is provided in the source tree as lib/rapi/ Note this client might change its interface in the future, as we iterate on its capabilities.

A new command, gnt-cluster renew-crypto has been added to easily replace the cluster’s certificates and crypto keys. This might help in case they have been compromised, or have simply expired.

A new disk option for instance creation has been added that allows one to “adopt” currently existing logical volumes, with data preservation. This should allow easier migration to Ganeti from unmanaged (or managed via other software) instances.

Another disk improvement is the possibility to convert between redundant (DRBD) and plain (LVM) disk configuration for an instance. This should allow better scalability (starting with one node and growing the cluster, or shrinking a two-node cluster to one node).

A new feature that could help with automated node failovers has been implemented: if a node sees itself as offline (by querying the master candidates), it will try to shutdown (hard) all instances and any active DRBD devices. This reduces the risk of duplicate instances if an external script automatically failovers the instances on such nodes. To enable this, the cluster parameter maintain_node_health should be enabled; in the future this option (per the name) will enable other automatic maintenance features.

Instance export/import now will reuse the original instance specifications for all parameters; that means exporting an instance, deleting it and the importing it back should give an almost identical instance. Note that the default import behaviour has changed from before, where it created only one NIC; now it recreates the original number of NICs.

Cluster verify has added a few new checks: SSL certificates validity, /etc/hosts consistency across the cluster, etc.

Other changes

As usual, many internal changes were done, documentation fixes, etc. Among others:

  • Fixed cluster initialization with disabled cluster storage (regression introduced in 2.1.1)
  • File-based storage supports growing the disks
  • Fixed behaviour of node role changes
  • Fixed cluster verify for some corner cases, plus a general rewrite of cluster verify to allow future extension with more checks
  • Fixed log spamming by watcher and node daemon (regression introduced in 2.1.1)
  • Fixed possible validation issues when changing the list of enabled hypervisors
  • Fixed cleanup of /etc/hosts during node removal
  • Fixed RAPI response for invalid methods
  • Fixed bug with hashed passwords in ganeti-rapi daemon
  • Multiple small improvements to the KVM hypervisor (VNC usage, booting from ide disks, etc.)
  • Allow OS changes without re-installation (to record a changed OS outside of Ganeti, or to allow OS renames)
  • Allow instance creation without OS installation (useful for example if the OS will be installed manually, or restored from a backup not in Ganeti format)
  • Implemented option to make cluster copyfile use the replication network
  • Added list of enabled hypervisors to ssconf (possibly useful for external scripts)
  • Added a new tool (tools/cfgupgrade12) that allows upgrading from 1.2 clusters
  • A partial form of node re-IP is possible via node readd, which now allows changed node primary IP
  • Command line utilities now show an informational message if the job is waiting for a lock
  • The logs of the master daemon now show the PID/UID/GID of the connected client

Version 2.1.1

(Released Fri, 12 Mar 2010)

During the 2.1.0 long release candidate cycle, a lot of improvements and changes have accumulated with were released later as 2.1.1.

Major changes

The node evacuate command (gnt-node evacuate) was significantly rewritten, and as such the IAllocator protocol was changed - a new request type has been added. This unfortunate change during a stable series is designed to improve performance of node evacuations; on clusters with more than about five nodes and which are well-balanced, evacuation should proceed in parallel for all instances of the node being evacuated. As such, any existing IAllocator scripts need to be updated, otherwise the above command will fail due to the unknown request. The provided “dumb” allocator has not been updated; but the ganeti-htools package supports the new protocol since version 0.2.4.

Another important change is increased validation of node and instance names. This might create problems in special cases, if invalid host names are being used.

Also, a new layer of hypervisor parameters has been added, that sits at OS level between the cluster defaults and the instance ones. This allows customisation of virtualization parameters depending on the installed OS. For example instances with OS ‘X’ may have a different KVM kernel (or any other parameter) than the cluster defaults. This is intended to help managing a multiple OSes on the same cluster, without manual modification of each instance’s parameters.

A tool for merging clusters, cluster-merge, has been added in the tools sub-directory.

Bug fixes

  • Improved the int/float conversions that should make the code more robust in face of errors from the node daemons
  • Fixed the remove node code in case of internal configuration errors
  • Fixed the node daemon behaviour in face of inconsistent queue directory (e.g. read-only file-system where we can’t open the files read-write, etc.)
  • Fixed the behaviour of gnt-node modify for master candidate demotion; now it either aborts cleanly or, if given the new “auto_promote” parameter, will automatically promote other nodes as needed
  • Fixed compatibility with (unreleased yet) Python 2.6.5 that would completely prevent Ganeti from working
  • Fixed bug for instance export when not all disks were successfully exported
  • Fixed behaviour of node add when the new node is slow in starting up the node daemon
  • Fixed handling of signals in the LUXI client, which should improve behaviour of command-line scripts
  • Added checks for invalid node/instance names in the configuration (now flagged during cluster verify)
  • Fixed watcher behaviour for disk activation errors
  • Fixed two potentially endless loops in http library, which led to the RAPI daemon hanging and consuming 100% CPU in some cases
  • Fixed bug in RAPI daemon related to hashed passwords
  • Fixed bug for unintended qemu-level bridging of multi-NIC KVM instances
  • Enhanced compatibility with non-Debian OSes, but not using absolute path in some commands and allowing customisation of the ssh configuration directory
  • Fixed possible future issue with new Python versions by abiding to the proper use of __slots__ attribute on classes
  • Added checks that should prevent directory traversal attacks
  • Many documentation fixes based on feedback from users

New features

  • Added an “early_release” more for instance replace disks and node evacuate, where we release locks earlier and thus allow higher parallelism within the cluster
  • Added watcher hooks, intended to allow the watcher to restart other daemons (e.g. from the ganeti-nbma project), but they can be used of course for any other purpose
  • Added a compile-time disable for DRBD barriers, to increase performance if the administrator trusts the power supply or the storage system to not lose writes
  • Added the option of using syslog for logging instead of, or in addition to, Ganeti’s own log files
  • Removed boot restriction for paravirtual NICs for KVM, recent versions can indeed boot from a paravirtual NIC
  • Added a generic debug level for many operations; while this is not used widely yet, it allows one to pass the debug value all the way to the OS scripts
  • Enhanced the hooks environment for instance moves (failovers, migrations) where the primary/secondary nodes changed during the operation, by adding {NEW,OLD}_{PRIMARY,SECONDARY} vars
  • Enhanced data validations for many user-supplied values; one important item is the restrictions imposed on instance and node names, which might reject some (invalid) host names
  • Add a configure-time option to disable file-based storage, if it’s not needed; this allows greater security separation between the master node and the other nodes from the point of view of the inter-node RPC protocol
  • Added user notification in interactive tools if job is waiting in the job queue or trying to acquire locks
  • Added log messages when a job is waiting for locks
  • Added filtering by node tags in instance operations which admit multiple instances (start, stop, reboot, reinstall)
  • Added a new tool for cluster mergers, cluster-merge
  • Parameters from command line which are of the form a=b,c=d can now use backslash escapes to pass in values which contain commas, e.g. a=b\\c,d=e where the ‘a’ parameter would get the value b,c
  • For KVM, the instance name is the first parameter passed to KVM, so that it’s more visible in the process list

Version 2.1.0

(Released Tue, 2 Mar 2010)

Ganeti 2.1 brings many improvements with it. Major changes:

  • Added infrastructure to ease automated disk repairs
  • Added new daemon to export configuration data in a cheaper way than using the remote API
  • Instance NICs can now be routed instead of being associated with a networking bridge
  • Improved job locking logic to reduce impact of jobs acquiring multiple locks waiting for other long-running jobs

In-depth implementation details can be found in the Ganeti 2.1 design document.


  • Added chroot hypervisor
  • Added more options to xen-hvm hypervisor (kernel_path and device_model)
  • Added more options to xen-pvm hypervisor (use_bootloader, bootloader_path and bootloader_args)
  • Added the use_localtime option for the xen-hvm and kvm hypervisors, and the default value for this has changed to false (in 2.0 xen-hvm always enabled it)
  • Added luxi call to submit multiple jobs in one go
  • Added cluster initialization option to not modify /etc/hosts file on nodes
  • Added network interface parameters
  • Added dry run mode to some LUs
  • Added RAPI resources:
    • /2/instances/[instance_name]/info
    • /2/instances/[instance_name]/replace-disks
    • /2/nodes/[node_name]/evacuate
    • /2/nodes/[node_name]/migrate
    • /2/nodes/[node_name]/role
    • /2/nodes/[node_name]/storage
    • /2/nodes/[node_name]/storage/modify
    • /2/nodes/[node_name]/storage/repair
  • Added OpCodes to evacuate or migrate all instances on a node
  • Added new command to list storage elements on nodes (gnt-node list-storage) and modify them (gnt-node modify-storage)
  • Added new ssconf files with master candidate IP address (ssconf_master_candidates_ips), node primary IP address (ssconf_node_primary_ips) and node secondary IP address (ssconf_node_secondary_ips)
  • Added ganeti-confd and a client library to query the Ganeti configuration via UDP
  • Added ability to run hooks after cluster initialization and before cluster destruction
  • Added automatic mode for disk replace (gnt-instance replace-disks --auto)
  • Added gnt-instance recreate-disks to re-create (empty) disks after catastrophic data-loss
  • Added gnt-node repair-storage command to repair damaged LVM volume groups
  • Added gnt-instance move command to move instances
  • Added gnt-cluster watcher command to control watcher
  • Added gnt-node powercycle command to powercycle nodes
  • Added new job status field lock_status
  • Added parseable error codes to cluster verification (gnt-cluster verify --error-codes) and made output less verbose (use --verbose to restore previous behaviour)
  • Added UUIDs to the main config entities (cluster, nodes, instances)
  • Added support for OS variants
  • Added support for hashed passwords in the Ganeti remote API users file (rapi_users)
  • Added option to specify maximum timeout on instance shutdown
  • Added --no-ssh-init option to gnt-cluster init
  • Added new helper script to start and stop Ganeti daemons (daemon-util), with the intent to reduce the work necessary to adjust Ganeti for non-Debian distributions and to start/stop daemons from one place
  • Added more unittests
  • Fixed critical bug in ganeti-masterd startup
  • Removed the configure-time kvm-migration-port parameter, this is now customisable at the cluster level for both the KVM and Xen hypervisors using the new migration_port parameter
  • Pass INSTANCE_REINSTALL variable to OS installation script when reinstalling an instance
  • Allowed @ in tag names
  • Migrated to Sphinx ( for documentation
  • Many documentation updates
  • Distribute hypervisor files on gnt-cluster redist-conf
  • gnt-instance reinstall can now reinstall multiple instances
  • Updated many command line parameters
  • Introduced new OS API version 15
  • No longer support a default hypervisor
  • Treat virtual LVs as inexistent
  • Improved job locking logic to reduce lock contention
  • Match instance and node names case insensitively
  • Reimplemented bash completion script to be more complete
  • Improved burnin

Version 2.0.6

(Released Thu, 4 Feb 2010)

  • Fix cleaner behaviour on nodes not in a cluster (Debian bug 568105)
  • Fix a string formatting bug
  • Improve safety of the code in some error paths
  • Improve data validation in the master of values returned from nodes

Version 2.0.5

(Released Thu, 17 Dec 2009)

  • Fix security issue due to missing validation of iallocator names; this allows local and remote execution of arbitrary executables
  • Fix failure of gnt-node list during instance removal
  • Ship the RAPI documentation in the archive

Version 2.0.4

(Released Wed, 30 Sep 2009)

  • Fixed many wrong messages
  • Fixed a few bugs related to the locking library
  • Fixed MAC checking at instance creation time
  • Fixed a DRBD parsing bug related to gaps in /proc/drbd
  • Fixed a few issues related to signal handling in both daemons and scripts
  • Fixed the example startup script provided
  • Fixed insserv dependencies in the example startup script (patch from Debian)
  • Fixed handling of drained nodes in the iallocator framework
  • Fixed handling of KERNEL_PATH parameter for xen-hvm (Debian bug #528618)
  • Fixed error related to invalid job IDs in job polling
  • Fixed job/opcode persistence on unclean master shutdown
  • Fixed handling of partial job processing after unclean master shutdown
  • Fixed error reporting from LUs, previously all errors were converted into execution errors
  • Fixed error reporting from burnin
  • Decreased significantly the memory usage of the job queue
  • Optimised slightly multi-job submission
  • Optimised slightly opcode loading
  • Backported the multi-job submit framework from the development branch; multi-instance start and stop should be faster
  • Added script to clean archived jobs after 21 days; this will reduce the size of the queue directory
  • Added some extra checks in disk size tracking
  • Added an example ethers hook script
  • Added a cluster parameter that prevents Ganeti from modifying of /etc/hosts
  • Added more node information to RAPI responses
  • Added a gnt-job watch command that allows following the ouput of a job
  • Added a bind-address option to ganeti-rapi
  • Added more checks to the configuration verify
  • Enhanced the burnin script such that some operations can be retried automatically
  • Converted instance reinstall to multi-instance model

Version 2.0.3

(Released Fri, 7 Aug 2009)

  • Added --ignore-size to the gnt-instance activate-disks command to allow using the pre-2.0.2 behaviour in activation, if any existing instances have mismatched disk sizes in the configuration
  • Added gnt-cluster repair-disk-sizes command to check and update any configuration mismatches for disk sizes
  • Added gnt-master cluste-failover --no-voting to allow master failover to work on two-node clusters
  • Fixed the --net option of gnt-backup import, which was unusable
  • Fixed detection of OS script errors in gnt-backup export
  • Fixed exit code of gnt-backup export

Version 2.0.2

(Released Fri, 17 Jul 2009)

  • Added experimental support for stripped logical volumes; this should enhance performance but comes with a higher complexity in the block device handling; stripping is only enabled when passing --with-lvm-stripecount=N to configure, but codepaths are affected even in the non-stripped mode
  • Improved resiliency against transient failures at the end of DRBD resyncs, and in general of DRBD resync checks
  • Fixed a couple of issues with exports and snapshot errors
  • Fixed a couple of issues in instance listing
  • Added display of the disk size in gnt-instance info
  • Fixed checking for valid OSes in instance creation
  • Fixed handling of the “vcpus” parameter in instance listing and in general of invalid parameters
  • Fixed http server library, and thus RAPI, to handle invalid username/password combinations correctly; this means that now they report unauthorized for queries too, not only for modifications, allowing earlier detect of configuration problems
  • Added a new “role” node list field, equivalent to the master/master candidate/drained/offline flags combinations
  • Fixed cluster modify and changes of candidate pool size
  • Fixed cluster verify error messages for wrong files on regular nodes
  • Fixed a couple of issues with node demotion from master candidate role
  • Fixed node readd issues
  • Added non-interactive mode for ganeti-masterd --no-voting startup
  • Added a new --no-voting option for masterfailover to fix failover on two-nodes clusters when the former master node is unreachable
  • Added instance reinstall over RAPI

Version 2.0.1

(Released Tue, 16 Jun 2009)

  • added -H/-B startup parameters to gnt-instance, which will allow re-adding the start in single-user option (regression from 1.2)
  • the watcher writes the instance status to a file, to allow monitoring to report the instance status (from the master) based on cached results of the watcher’s queries; while this can get stale if the watcher is being locked due to other work on the cluster, this is still an improvement
  • the watcher now also restarts the node daemon and the rapi daemon if they died
  • fixed the watcher to handle full and drained queue cases
  • hooks export more instance data in the environment, which helps if hook scripts need to take action based on the instance’s properties (no longer need to query back into ganeti)
  • instance failovers when the instance is stopped do not check for free RAM, so that failing over a stopped instance is possible in low memory situations
  • rapi uses queries for tags instead of jobs (for less job traffic), and for cluster tags it won’t talk to masterd at all but read them from ssconf
  • a couple of error handling fixes in RAPI
  • drbd handling: improved the error handling of inconsistent disks after resync to reduce the frequency of “there are some degraded disks for this instance” messages
  • fixed a bug in live migration when DRBD doesn’t want to reconnect (the error handling path called a wrong function name)

Version 2.0.0

(Released Wed, 27 May 2009)

  • no changes from rc5

Version 2.0 rc5

(Released Wed, 20 May 2009)

  • fix a couple of bugs (validation, argument checks)
  • fix gnt-cluster getmaster on non-master nodes (regression)
  • some small improvements to RAPI and IAllocator
  • make watcher automatically start the master daemon if down

Version 2.0 rc4

(Released Mon, 27 Apr 2009)

  • change the OS list to not require locks; this helps with big clusters
  • fix gnt-cluster verify and gnt-cluster verify-disks when the volume group is broken
  • gnt-instance info, without any arguments, doesn’t run for all instances anymore; either pass --all or pass the desired instances; this helps against mistakes on big clusters where listing the information for all instances takes a long time
  • miscellaneous doc and man pages fixes

Version 2.0 rc3

(Released Wed, 8 Apr 2009)

  • Change the internal locking model of some gnt-node commands, in order to reduce contention (and blocking of master daemon) when batching many creation/reinstall jobs
  • Fixes to Xen soft reboot
  • No longer build documentation at build time, instead distribute it in the archive, in order to reduce the need for the whole docbook/rst toolchains

Version 2.0 rc2

(Released Fri, 27 Mar 2009)

  • Now the cfgupgrade scripts works and can upgrade 1.2.7 clusters to 2.0
  • Fix watcher startup sequence, improves the behaviour of busy clusters
  • Some other fixes in gnt-cluster verify, gnt-instance replace-disks, gnt-instance add, gnt-cluster queue, KVM VNC bind address and other places
  • Some documentation fixes and updates

Version 2.0 rc1

(Released Mon, 2 Mar 2009)

  • More documentation updates, now all docs should be more-or-less up-to-date
  • A couple of small fixes (mixed hypervisor clusters, offline nodes, etc.)
  • Added a customizable HV_KERNEL_ARGS hypervisor parameter (for Xen PVM and KVM)
  • Fix an issue related to $libdir/run/ganeti and cluster creation

Version 2.0 beta2

(Released Thu, 19 Feb 2009)

  • Xen PVM and KVM have switched the default value for the instance root disk to the first partition on the first drive, instead of the whole drive; this means that the OS installation scripts must be changed accordingly
  • Man pages have been updated
  • RAPI has been switched by default to HTTPS, and the exported functions should all work correctly
  • RAPI v1 has been removed
  • Many improvements to the KVM hypervisor
  • Block device errors are now better reported
  • Many other bugfixes and small improvements

Version 2.0 beta1

(Released Mon, 26 Jan 2009)

  • Version 2 is a general rewrite of the code and therefore the differences are too many to list, see the design document for 2.0 in the doc/ subdirectory for more details
  • In this beta version there is not yet a migration path from 1.2 (there will be one in the final 2.0 release)
  • A few significant changes are:
    • all commands are executed by a daemon (ganeti-masterd) and the various gnt-* commands are just front-ends to it
    • all the commands are entered into, and executed from a job queue, see the gnt-job(8) manpage
    • the RAPI daemon supports read-write operations, secured by basic HTTP authentication on top of HTTPS
    • DRBD version 0.7 support has been removed, DRBD 8 is the only supported version (when migrating from Ganeti 1.2 to 2.0, you need to migrate to DRBD 8 first while still running Ganeti 1.2)
    • DRBD devices are using statically allocated minor numbers, which will be assigned to existing instances during the migration process
    • there is support for both Xen PVM and Xen HVM instances running on the same cluster
    • KVM virtualization is supported too
    • file-based storage has been implemented, which means that it is possible to run the cluster without LVM and DRBD storage, for example using a shared filesystem exported from shared storage (and still have live migration)

Version 1.2.7

(Released Tue, 13 Jan 2009)

  • Change the default reboot type in gnt-instance reboot to “hard”
  • Reuse the old instance mac address by default on instance import, if the instance name is the same.
  • Handle situations in which the node info rpc returns incomplete results (issue 46)
  • Add checks for tcp/udp ports collisions in gnt-cluster verify
  • Improved version of batcher:
    • state file support
    • instance mac address support
    • support for HVM clusters/instances
  • Add an option to show the number of cpu sockets and nodes in gnt-node list
  • Support OSes that handle more than one version of the OS api (but do not change the current API in any other way)
  • Fix gnt-node migrate
  • gnt-debug man page
  • Fixes various more typos and small issues
  • Increase disk resync maximum speed to 60MB/s (from 30MB/s)

Version 1.2.6

(Released Wed, 24 Sep 2008)

  • new --hvm-nic-type and --hvm-disk-type flags to control the type of disk exported to fully virtualized instances.
  • provide access to the serial console of HVM instances
  • instance auto_balance flag, set by default. If turned off it will avoid warnings on cluster verify if there is not enough memory to fail over an instance. in the future it will prevent automatically failing it over when we will support that.
  • batcher tool for instance creation, see tools/README.batcher
  • gnt-instance reinstall --select-os to interactively select a new operating system when reinstalling an instance.
  • when changing the memory amount on instance modify a check has been added that the instance will be able to start. also warnings are emitted if the instance will not be able to fail over, if auto_balance is true.
  • documentation fixes
  • sync fields between gnt-instance list/modify/add/import
  • fix a race condition in drbd when the sync speed was set after giving the device a remote peer.

Version 1.2.5

(Released Tue, 22 Jul 2008)

  • note: the allowed size and number of tags per object were reduced
  • fix a bug in gnt-cluster verify with inconsistent volume groups
  • fixed twisted 8.x compatibility
  • fixed gnt-instance replace-disks with iallocator
  • add TCP keepalives on twisted connections to detect restarted nodes
  • disk increase support, see gnt-instance grow-disk
  • implement bulk node/instance query for RAPI
  • add tags in node/instance listing (optional)
  • experimental migration (and live migration) support, read the man page for gnt-instance migrate
  • the ganeti-watcher logs are now timestamped, and the watcher also has some small improvements in handling its state file

Version 1.2.4

(Released Fri, 13 Jun 2008)

  • Experimental readonly, REST-based remote API implementation; automatically started on master node, TCP port 5080, if enabled by --enable-rapi parameter to configure script.
  • Instance allocator support. Add and import instance accept a --iallocator parameter, and call that instance allocator to decide which node to use for the instance. The iallocator document describes what’s expected from an allocator script.
  • gnt-cluster verify N+1 memory redundancy checks: Unless passed the --no-nplus1-mem option gnt-cluster verify now checks that if a node is lost there is still enough memory to fail over the instances that reside on it.
  • gnt-cluster verify hooks: it is now possible to add post-hooks to gnt-cluster verify, to check for site-specific compliance. All the hooks will run, and their output, if any, will be displayed. Any failing hook will make the verification return an error value.
  • gnt-cluster verify now checks that its peers are reachable on the primary and secondary interfaces
  • gnt-node add now supports the --readd option, to readd a node that is still declared as part of the cluster and has failed.
  • gnt-* list commands now accept a new -o +field way of specifying output fields, that just adds the chosen fields to the default ones.
  • gnt-backup now has a new remove command to delete an existing export from the filesystem.
  • New per-instance parameters hvm_acpi, hvm_pae and hvm_cdrom_image_path have been added. Using them you can enable/disable acpi and pae support, and specify a path for a cd image to be exported to the instance. These parameters as the name suggest only work on HVM clusters.
  • When upgrading an HVM cluster to Ganeti 1.2.4, the values for ACPI and PAE support will be set to the previously hardcoded values, but the (previously hardcoded) path to the CDROM ISO image will be unset and if required, needs to be set manually with gnt-instance modify after the upgrade.
  • The address to which an instance’s VNC console is bound is now selectable per-instance, rather than being cluster wide. Of course this only applies to instances controlled via VNC, so currently just applies to HVM clusters.

Version 1.2.3

(Released Mon, 18 Feb 2008)

  • more tweaks to the disk activation code (especially helpful for DRBD)
  • change the default gnt-instance list output format, now there is one combined status field (see the manpage for the exact values this field will have)
  • some more fixes for the mac export to hooks change
  • make Ganeti not break with DRBD 8.2.x (which changed the version format in /proc/drbd) (issue 24)
  • add an upgrade tool from “remote_raid1” disk template to “drbd” disk template, allowing migration from DRBD0.7+MD to DRBD8

Version 1.2.2

(Released Wed, 30 Jan 2008)

  • fix gnt-instance modify breakage introduced in 1.2.1 with the HVM support (issue 23)
  • add command aliases infrastructure and a few aliases
  • allow listing of VCPUs in the gnt-instance list and improve the man pages and the --help option of gnt-node list/gnt-instance list
  • fix gnt-backup list with down nodes (issue 21)
  • change the tools location (move from $pkgdatadir to $pkglibdir/tools)
  • fix the dist archive and add a check for including svn/git files in the future
  • some developer-related changes: improve the burnin and the QA suite, add an upload script for testing during development

Version 1.2.1

(Released Wed, 16 Jan 2008)

  • experimental HVM support, read the install document, section “Initializing the cluster”
  • allow for the PVM hypervisor per-instance kernel and initrd paths
  • add a new command gnt-cluster verify-disks which uses a new algorithm to improve the reconnection of the DRBD pairs if the device on the secondary node has gone away
  • make logical volume code auto-activate LVs at disk activation time
  • slightly improve the speed of activating disks
  • allow specification of the MAC address at instance creation time, and changing it later via gnt-instance modify
  • fix handling of external commands that generate lots of output on stderr
  • update documentation with regard to minimum version of DRBD8 supported

Version 1.2.0

(Released Tue, 4 Dec 2007)

  • Log the xm create output to the node daemon log on failure (to help diagnosing the error)
  • In debug mode, log all external commands output if failed to the logs
  • Change parsing of lvm commands to ignore stderr

Version 1.2 beta3

(Released Wed, 28 Nov 2007)

  • Another round of updates to the DRBD 8 code to deal with more failures in the replace secondary node operation
  • Some more logging of failures in disk operations (lvm, drbd)
  • A few documentation updates
  • QA updates

Version 1.2 beta2

(Released Tue, 13 Nov 2007)

  • Change configuration file format from Python’s Pickle to JSON. Upgrading is possible using the cfgupgrade utility.
  • Add support for DRBD 8.0 (new disk template drbd) which allows for faster replace disks and is more stable (DRBD 8 has many improvements compared to DRBD 0.7)
  • Added command line tags support (see man pages for gnt-instance, gnt-node, gnt-cluster)
  • Added instance rename support
  • Added multi-instance startup/shutdown
  • Added cluster rename support
  • Added gnt-node evacuate to simplify some node operations
  • Added instance reboot operation that can speedup reboot as compared to stop and start
  • Soften the requirement that hostnames are in FQDN format
  • The ganeti-watcher now activates drbd pairs after secondary node reboots
  • Removed dependency on debian’s patched fping that uses the non-standard -S option
  • Now the OS definitions are searched for in multiple, configurable paths (easier for distros to package)
  • Some changes to the hooks infrastructure (especially the new post-configuration update hook)
  • Other small bugfixes

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